puckstruck sources

If you’ve been reading the book called Puckstruck: Distracted, Delighted and Distressed by Canada’s Hockey Obsession, which appeared on paper, between hard covers, in the fall of 2014, it’s possible that you’ll have arrived on page 402, where promises are made regarding sources for all (most?) of the stories I spin and claims I make in the pages preceding. Those are these, herebelow. Questions or suggestions, corrections, beeves or bewilderments, please send me an e-mail at puckstruck@gmail.

 [Epigraphs]

boys at Olney: William Cowper and John Johnson, Private Correspondence of William Cowper with Several of His Most Intimate Friends (Boston: Wells and Lilly, 1824), p. 184

is it important?: Rick Salutin, Les Canadiens (Vancouver: Talonbooks, 1977), p. 45

[Preamble]

1 Do you read books?: Stan Fischler, Goalies: Legends from the NHL’s Toughest Job (Toronto: Warwick, 1995), p. 77

4 takes the place of reason: Al Purdy, “Hockey Players,” in Michael P.J. Kennedy, ed. Going Top Shelf (Surrey: Heritage House, 2005), pp. 25-26

4 eight-year-old Stanislas Gvoth: Stan Fischler, Stan Mikita: The Turbulent Career of a Hockey Superstar (Chicago: Cowles, 1969), pp. 20-23

4 Camille Henry’s skate: Bobby Baun (with Anne Logan), Lowering The Boom: The Bobby Baun Story (Toronto: Stoddart, 2000), pp. 113-14

5 the puck is a metaphoric penis: Hugh Hood and Seymour Segal, Scoring: The Art of Hockey (Ottawa: Oberon, 1979), pp. 1-9

5 making love is better than skating: Hugh Hood, “The Pleasures of Hockey,” The Canadian Magazine, January 11, 1969, p. 16

5 Marissa knew that she loved Kyle: Joanne Rock, One Man Rush (Don Mills: Harlequin, 2012), p. 171

5 face shape and aggression: Stefan M.M. Goetz et al., “Social Status Moderates the Relationship Between Facial Structure and Aggression,” Psychological Science, November 2013, pp. 2329-2334

6 Munro: Alice Munro, “Train,” in Alice Munro, Dear Life (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2012), p. 188

6 Hull: Dennis Hull (with Robert Thompson), The Third Best Hull (Toronto: ECW, 1998), p. 132

6 defenceman’s impression: Roy MacGregor, The Last Season (Toronto: Penguin, 1995), p. 134

6 playing the Buffalo Bisons: Don Cherry (with Stan Fischler), Grapes: A Vintage View of Hockey (Toronto: Prentice-Hall, 1982), p. 86

7  lived in constant fear: Gary Ronberg, The Ice Men (New York: Crown, 1973), p. 186

7  shun liquor: Andy O’Brien, ed., How We Play Hockey (Montreal: Whitcombe & Gilmour, 1949), p. 33

7  stick to cigarettes: Ibid., p. 41

7  pies and pickles: Ibid., p. 55

8  hockey opera: http://www.martinsmolka.com/works/nagano.html

8  hockey image: John B. Lee, The Hockey Player Sonnets (Waterloo: Penumbra Press, 1991), p. 71

9  get your heart checked: Arthur Farrell, Hockey: Canada’s Royal Winter Game (Montreal: C. R. Corneil, 1899), p. 47

11 Pineapple Squares: Lorne Worsley (with Tim Moriarty), They Call Me Gump (New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1975), p. 167

12 golden rule: Johnny Bucyk (with Russ Conway), Hockey In My Blood (Toronto: Pagurian, 1972), p. 124

12 Siragusa: Emma Lathen, Murder Without Icing (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1972), p. 165

12 poor Gaston Lemaire: Cortland Fitzsimmons, Crimson Ice: A Hockey Mystery (New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1935), pp. 20-21

12 a murder that takes place: G.B. Joyce, The Code (Toronto: Viking, 2012), p. 49

13 Sovietsky Parasite: Jim Proudfoot, “Team Canada suffers for that ’72 win,” Toronto Star, June 27, 1974, p. C2

13 unique expression: Andrew Coyne, “A Game So Great They Couldn’t Kill It,” National Post, February 27, 2002

13 Canadianization: Morey Holzman and Joseph Nieforth, Deceptions and Doublecross: How the NHL Conquered Hockey (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2002), p. 332

13 our id: John Branch, “For Canada’s Faithful, a Gold That Means Most,” New York Times, March 1, 2010, p. A1

13 the real national anthem: Doug Beardsley, Country On Ice (Winlaw: Polestar, 1988), p. 37

14 the dance of life: Bruce Kidd and John Macfarlane, The Death of Hockey (Toronto: New Press, 1972), p. 4

14 hockey is us: Peter Gzowski, The Game of Our Lives (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1981), p. 84

14 Marc Savard: Fluto Shinzawa, “Peverley Falls in Line,” Boston Globe, February 23, 2011

[First]

17 escape its limits: Al Purdy, “Time of Your Life,” Sex and Death (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1973)

19 hockey originated: Paul Quarrington, King Leary (Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 1987), p. 8

19 an old hockey novel: Ralph Henry Barbour, Guarding His Goal (New York: D. Appleton, 1926), p. 159

20 never leaves the blood: Harry Sinden, Showdown: The Canada-Russia Hockey Series (Toronto: Doubleday, 1972), p. 38

20 Orr’s blood: Brian Richardson, “Night Star Special,” in Kevin Brooks and Sean Brooks, eds., Thru The Smoky End Boards: Canadian Poetry About Sports and Games (Vancouver: Polestar, 1996), p. 62

20 sings in our blood: Don Gillmor, “Hockey: The Great Literary Shutout,” The Walrus, vol. 2, no. 1, 2005, p. 13

20 evidence of ice on Mars: “Found it! Ice on Mars,” NASA Science, http://science1.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2002/28may_marsice

20 Hockey in Hell! Dante Alighieri (translated by Henry F. Cary), The Divine Comedy: Hell, Purgatory, Paradise (New York: P.F. Collier & Son, 1909-14), Canto XXXIV

22 Lord Tweedsmuir: “Lord Tweedsmuir Is Thrilled by Hockey’s Sustained Action,” Ottawa Evening Citizen, January 13, 1936, p. 13

22 Dionne Quintuplets: “Dionne Quintuplets See Their First Hockey Game,” New York Times, October 4, 1948

22 Miller: “An aesthete’s-eye view of a rough-and-tumble American pastime,” New Yorker, December 1, 1997, p. 38

23 the true owners: Bruce Kidd and John Macfarlane, The Death of Hockey (Toronto: New Press, 1972), dedication

23 thanks to Bobby Hull: ‪Mark Victor Hansen, Amy Newmark, and Janet Matthews, O Canada: The Wonders of Winter: ‪101 Stories about Bad Weather, Good Times, and Great Sports (Toronto: Simon and Schuster, 2013), p. 185

23 Theo Fleury: Andrew H. Malcolm, Fury: Inside The Life of Theoren Fleury (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1997), p. 19

24 skates in Côte d’Ivoire: Richard Harrison, “The African Hockey Poems I,” Hero of the Play (Toronto: Wolsak and Wynn, 1994), p. 9

24 pop an elbow pad: Jeff Z. Klein and Karl-Eric Reif, The Death of Hockey: Or, How a bunch of guys with too much money and too little sense are killing the greatest game on earth (Toronto: Macmillan, 1998), throughout

24 Edmonton was winning: Doug Beardsley, Country On Ice (Winlaw: Polestar, 1988), p. 184

25 Mike Keenan: Bob McKenzie, “Keenan rips Lemieux for ‘embarrassing’ dives,” Toronto Star, May 29, 1992, p. D1

25 Andy Murray: “Not enough blackboards to go around for lowly Kings,” National Post, November 26, 2001, p. SP2

25 the same background: W.C. Heinz, “War Horse on Ice,” Saturday Evening Post, January 10, 1959

25 debuted on a Sunday: Dean Robinson, Howie Morenz: Hockey’s First Superstar (Erin: The Boston Mills Press, 1982), pp. 15-16

25 Worsley: Lorne Worsley (with Tim Moriarty), They Call Me Gump (New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1975), pp. 2-3

26 a Wednesday child: Eric Lindros (with Randy Starkman), Fire On Ice (Toronto: HarperCollins, 1991), p. 10

26 Meeker: Charlie Hodge, Golly Gee—It’s Me! The Howie Meeker Story (Toronto: Stoddart, 1996), p. 3

26 Baun: Bobby Baun (with Anne Logan), Lowering The Boom: The Bobby Baun Story (Toronto: Stoddart, 2000), p. 4

26 In 1959: Kevin Lowe (with Stan and Shirley Fischler), Champions: The Making of the Edmonton Oilers (Scarborough: Prentice-Hall, 1988), p. 119

26 starving! Bernie Parent (with Bill Fleischman and Sonny Schwartz), Bernie! Bernie! Bernie! (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1975), p. 32

26 Canada’s young: Gary Ronberg, The Ice Men (New York: Crown, 1973), p. 20

26 walked at nine months: John Gault, The Fans Go Wild: Paul Henderson’s Miracle (Toronto: New Press, 1973), p. 11

26 Lemieux: Lawrence Martin, Mario (Toronto: Lester, 1993), pp. 5-6

27 Ricci: Ed Arnold, Hockey Town: Life Before The Pros (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2004), p. 296

27 Burch: “Tex Rickard Chooses Useful Canadian Who Used to Carry His Skates to Bed,” Morning Leader, October 31, 1925, p. 35

27 Burke: Stan Fischler, Hockey Stars Speak (Toronto: Warwick, 1996), p. 15

27 Sasakamoose: Brian McFalone, Over The Glass & Into The Crowd: Life After Hockey (Guelph: Mainstreet, 1997), p. 236

27 Neebing River: Ibid., p. 258

27 screw-on skates: Stan Mikita, I Play To Win (Don Mills: Longmans, 1969), p. 32

27 Mrs. Morenz: Dean Robinson, Howie Morenz, p. 18

27 the Nith: Roy MacGregor, Wayne Gretzky’s Ghost: And Other Tales from a Lifetime in Hockey (Toronto: Random House, 2012), p. 269

27 the Seguin: Stephen Brunt, Searching for Bobby Orr (Toronto: Random House, 2010), p. 20

27 the Magnetawan: Bobby Orr Hall of Fame, 2003 Inductees, http://www.bobbyorrhalloffame.com/inductee-corner/2003/inductee/6/gary-sabourin

27 Patterson’s Creek: ‪Paul R. Greenland, Wings of Fire: ‪The History of the Detroit Red Wings (Rockford: Turning Leaf, 1997), p. 83

27 Buddy O’Connor: Red Storey, Red’s Story (Toronto: Macmillan, 1994), p. 49

27 Kitchener: Charlie Hodge, Golly Gee, p. 5

27 the Piggery: Eric Whitehead, Cyclone Taylor: A Hockey Legend (Toronto: Doubleday, 1977), p. 13

27 Grenadier Pond: Ed Fitkin, The Gashouse Gang of Hockey (Toronto: Castle, 1951), p. 28

27 red and blue ribbons: “One On One With Frank Mahovlich,” Hockey Hall of Fame, http://www.hhof.com/htmlSpotlight/spot_oneononep198102.shtml

28 dull blades: Stan Fischler, Hockey Stars Speak (Toronto: Warwick, 1996), p. 8

28 Dominion: Meryvn (Red) Dutton, Hockey: The Fastest Game On Earth (New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1938), p. 5

28 Bossy: Mike Bossy (with Barry Meisel), Boss: The Mike Bossy Story (Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1988), p. 17

28 Gretzky: Walter Gretzky (with Jim Taylor), Gretzky: From the Back Yard Rink to the Stanley Cup (Toronto: ‪McClelland & Stewart, 1984), p. 54

28 Goldsworthy: Richard Rainbolt and Ralph Turtinen, The Goldy Shuffle: The Bill Goldsworthy Story (Minneapolis: T.S. Denison, 1971), p. 20

29 Rod Gilbert: Rod Gilbert (with Stan Fischler and Hal Bock), Goal! My Life on Ice (New York: Hawthorn, 1968), p. 16

29 a notebook: George Plimpton, Open Net (New York: W.W. Norton, 1995), p. 43

30 lost six pounds: Howie Morenz, La Patrie, April 4, 1928

30 reduced railway traffic: Gord Howe, “Ice Not Thick,” Ottawa Citizen, December 19, 1964, p. 13

p. 31     bleeding mouth: W.A. Hewitt, “Canada, 6 — United States, 1,” Toronto Daily Star, February 4, 1924, p. 10

32 Watson’s nose: “Canada Beats U.S. 6-1 in Gruelling Hockey Final,” Globe, February 6, 1924, p. 1

32 bear-paw hands: Ted Mahovlich, The Big M: The Frank Mahovlich Story (Toronto: HarperCollins, 1999), p. 5

32 Magilla Gorilla: Rick Carpiniello, Messier: Steel on Ice (Toronto: Stoddart, 1999), p. 24

32 Duke of Rutland: Frank Cosentino and Don Morrow, Lionel Conacher (Toronto: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 1981), p. 3

32 S.S. Lake Manitoba: Jack Batten, The Leafs In Autumn (Toronto: Macmillan, 1975), p. 101

32 butchers and house painters: Ibid., p. 82

32 China Pete: David Dupuis, Sawchuk: The Troubles and Triumphs of the World’s Greatest Goalie (Toronto: Stoddart, 1998), pp. 2-3

32 salt barrel: Paul Henderson (with Mike Leonetti), Shooting For Glory (Toronto: Warwick, 1997), p. 13

32 excellent swimmers: Stan Fischler, Hockey Stars Speak, p. 8

32 Geoffesson trucks: Charlie Hodge, Golly Gee, It’s Me, p. 3

32 jaunty tilt: Kevin Shea, Barilko: Without A Trace (Bolton: Fenn, 2004), p. 3

32 through the United States: Bobby Baun, Lowering The Boom, p. 6

33 mice: Mike Bossy (with Barry Meisel), Boss, p. 16

33 Ruzomberok: Stan Mikita, I Play To Win, p. 30

33 the Angus Shops: Chris Goyens and Frank Orr (with Jean-Luc Duguay), Maurice Richard: Reluctant Hero (Markham: Team Power, 2000)

33 bakers: Horace Lavigne, “Georges Vézina Fut Le Roi des Défenseurs de Filets, La Patrie, February 16, 1936, p. 66

33     Armstrong: Billy Harris, The Glory Years: Memories of a Decade, 1955—1965 (Scarborough: Prentice-Hall, 1989), p. 148

33 oatmeal: Stan Fischler, Hockey Stars Speak, p. 30

34 Blue Bombers: Ibid., p. 134

34 Sparky Anderson: Rick Carpiniello, Messier, p. 24

34 Great Dane: King Clancy and Brian McFarlane, Clancy: The King’s Story (Toronto: ECW, 1997)

34 navigators: Mike Bossy (with Barry Meisel), Boss, p. 16

34 run a coyote down: Roy MacSkimming, Gordie: A Hockey Legend (Vancouver: Greystone, 1994), p. 17

34 Wilfred Paiement: Gary Ronberg, The Violent Game (New York, Rutledge, 1975), pp. 125-131

34 Louie Sutter: Joshua Mills, “Hockey’s Big Brother Act, New York Times, March 29, 1987

34 Kovalevs: Viacheslav Kovalev, The Road To Success (Vologda: TTO, 1994), p. 2

35 parlous times: Murray Dryden (with Jim Hunt), Playing The Shots At Both Ends (Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1972), p. v

35 keep it in your pants: Colleen Howe, My Three Hockey Players (New York: Hawthorn, 1975), p. 95

36 Plante: Raymond Plante (translated by Darcy Dunton), Jacques Plante: Behind The Mask (Lantzville: XYZ, 1996), p. 14

36 gallons of soup: Lorne Worsley (with Tim Moriarty), They Call Me Gump, p. 3

36 sewing pants: Bernard Geoffrion (with Stan Fischler), Boom-Boom: The Life and Times of Bernard Geoffrion (Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1997), p. 13

36 Winnie Hillman: Alan Walker, “I Didn’t Raise My Boy To Be a Hockey Player …,” The Canadian Magazine, February 20, 1971, p. 22

36 an old lady: Herbert Warren Wind, “Orr Country,” New Yorker, March 27, 1971, p. 107

37 bolelchiki: James Christie, “Where Losers Lose Their Fans,” Globe and Mail, January 10, 1978, p. 33

37 Carey Price: Sean Gordon, “Canadiens’ Carey Price to Miss Rest of Eastern Conference final,” Globe and Mail, May 19, 2014

42 moon was full: Joshua Mills, “Hockey’s Big Brother Act,” New York Times, March 29, 1987

42 nine Sutters: Dean Spiros, Six Shooters: Hockey’s Sutter Brothers (Scarborough: Prentice-Hall, 1990), p. 33

42 50 below in Floral: Gordie Howe as told to Joe Falls, “The Golden Goal-Getter, Boys’ Life, December, 1966, p. 77

42 Schultz: Dave Schultz (with Stan Fischler), The Hammer: Confessions of a Hockey Enforcer (Toronto: Collins, 1981), p. 24

44 brash: ‪Vijay P. Singh, ‪Pratap Singh, ‪and Umesh K. Haritashya, eds., Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers (Dordrecht: Springer, 2011), p. 103

44 ugliest arena: Roy MacGregor, The Last Season (Toronto: Penguin, 1995), p. 176

44 maple sugar: “The Garden,” New Yorker, December 26, 1925, p. 7

45 mixing in milk: “Paint,” New Yorker, February 6, 1926, p. 12

45 the drama of the game: Hugh MacLennan, The Other Side of Hugh MacLennan: ‪Selected Essays Old and New (Toronto: Macmillan, 1978), p. 71

45 silver dollar: Ken O’Keefe, “Out behind Bernie’s Barn,” in Dale Jacobs, ed., Ice: New Writing on Hockey (Edmonton: Spotted Cow, 1999), p. 138

45 blue-silver: Paul Quarrington, King Leary, p. 81

45 creamy ice: Peter Gzowski, The Game of Our Lives (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1981), p. 21

45 lacks a forgiving texture: Pat Lafontaine (with Dr. Ernie Valutis, Chas Griffin, and Larry Weisman), Companions in Courage (New York: Warner Books, 2001), p. 16

45 crushed glass: Meryvn (Red) Dutton, Hockey: The Fastest Game On Earth, p. 167

45 salt: Kenora Thistles: Our Hockey Heritage (Kenora: Bowes, 2006), p. 14

45 a teamster: Frank Cosentino and Don Morrow, Lionel Conacher, pp. 6-7

45 Glaciarium: Tim Harris, Sport: Almost Everything You Ever Wanted to Know (New York: Random House, 2009)

46 All the good ice makers: Peter Cheney, “The Perfect Sheet of Ice,” Globe and Mail, July 1, 2005

46 scumble the ice: Matt Robinson, Tracery & Interplay (Victoria: Frog Hollow, 2004)

47 skating in circles: Doug Beardsley, ed., The Rocket, The Flower, The Hammer, and Me (Winlaw: Polestar, 1988), p. 147

47 Prosperity Index: http://www.prosperity.com

47 Happiness Report: http://www.unsdsn.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/WorldHappinessReport2013_online.pdf

47 Global Peace Index: http://www.visionofhumanity.org

47 UN Human Development Report: http://hdr.undp.org/en/2013-report

47 Turkishness: “Article 301: How the Law on ‘Denigrating Turkishness is an Insult to Free Expression,” Amnesty International, http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/EUR44/003/2006/en/1bfaf47e-d44b-11dd-8743-d305bea2b2c7/eur440032006en.html

47 162 tables of nine: Alda Sigmundsdóttir, “The people of Iceland have spoken,” Guardian, November 16, 2009

48 to know a Canadian: Vincent Massey, On Being Canadian (London: J.M. Dent & Sons, 1948), p. 3

49 Simmons: Ken Dryden, The Game: 30th Anniversary Edition (Toronto: Collins, 2013), p. i

49 skating with his subject: Hugh Hood, Strength Down Centre (Scarborough: Prentice-Hall, 1970), p. 151

51 salmon can: Chandler W. Sterling, The Icehouse Gang: My Year With The Black Hawks (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1972)

52 Don’t smoke: Gordon Howe, Hockey … Here’s Howe! (Toronto: Copp Clark, 1963), p. 21

52 gotta play three hours a day: Pete McCormack, Understanding Ken (Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1998), p. 14

53 game in a book: Dean Spiros, Six Shooters

53 some secret way: Frank Mahovlich, Ice Hockey: How To Play It and Enjoy It (London: Pelham, 1964), p. 63

53 Loneliness: Phil Esposito (with Dick Dew), Phil Esposito’s Winning Hockey For Beginners (Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1976), p. 134

53 Vaseline: Stan Mikita, I Play To Win (Don Mills: Longmans, 1969), pp. 19-20

53 a peach: Scott Young, A Boy at the Leafs’ Camp (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1986), p. 135

54 female scene: Derek Sanderson (with Stan Fischler), I’ve Got To Be Me (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1970), p. 177

54 Morenz: Dean Robinson, Howie Morenz, p. 85

54 pre-game meal: W.C. Heinz, “War Horse on Ice”

54 Bucyk: Johnny Bucyk (with Russ Conway), Hockey In My Blood (Toronto: Pagurian, 1972), p. 110

54 commode: Keith Magnuson (with Robert Bradford), None Against! (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1973), p. 3

54 read a book: Johnny Bucyk (with Russ Conway), Hockey In My Blood, p. 112

54 Howe: W.C. Heinz, “War Horse on Ice”

54 after his nap: Brad Park (with Stan Fischler), Play The Man (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1971), p. 46, p. 193

55 putting on their boots: Meryvn (Red) Dutton, Hockey: The Fastest Game On Earth, p. 33

55 visualizing: George Plimpton, Open Net, p. 130

55 jungle mentality: Ibid., p. 157

55 made love: Phil Esposito (with Peter Golenbock), Thunder and Lightning: A No-B.S. Hockey Memoir (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2003), p. 124

56 few sports: George Plimpton, Open Net, p. 59

56 Doug Harvey: Gary Ronberg, The Ice Men, p. 232

56 burst out laughing: Georges-Hébert Germain, Overtime: The Legend of Guy Lafleur (Toronto: Penguin, 1992), p. 233

56 Rocket Richard: Gilbert Rogin, “One Beer for The Rocket,” Sports Illustrated, March 21, 1960

56 a tiny room: Georges-Hébert Germain, Overtime, p. 229

56 a hard-on: Larry Sloman, Thin Ice: A Season in Hell with the New York Rangers (New York: William Morrow, 1982), p. 134

56 Nesterenko: Studs Terkel, ‪Working: ‪People Talk About What They Do All Day and How They Feel About What They Do (New York: Pantheon, 1974), p. 386

57 a fight: Roy MacGregor, The Last Season, p. 21

57 befuddled: Roland Barthes (translated by Richard Howard), What is Sport? (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007), pp. 45-55

57 Faulkner: William Faulkner (James B. Meriwether, ed.), Essays, Speeches and Public Letters (New York: Random House, 1965), p. 48

58 Faulkner demobilized: James G. Watson, ed., Thinking of Home: William Faulkner’s Letters To His Mother and Father 1918-25 (New York: Norton, 2000)

58 Harry Cameron: Jeff Chapman, Glenn Weir, and Travis Weir, Ultimate Hockey (Stoddart: Toronto, 1999), p. 110

62 a shame: Jim Burchard, The World Telegram, January 9, 1955

63 an afternoon demonstration: “Royal Program,” Globe and Mail, October 13, 1951, p. 11

64     Forum: “Leafs Tie Red Wings; Habs Defeat Rangers,” Globe and Mail, October 30, 1951, p. 16

65 silent, stubborn type: Margaret Atwood, Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature (Toronto: House of Anansi, 1972)

65 snow’s moral teachings: Bernard Mergen, Snow in America (Washington: Smithsonian, 1997)

66 Voltaire: Paul Simpson-Housley and G. B. Norcliffe, editors, A Few Acres of Snow: Literary and Artistic Images of Canada (Toronto: Dundurn, 1992), p. 1

66 Kipling: Rudyard Kipling, “Our Lady of the Snows (1897), in The Works of Rudyard Kipling (Ware: Wordsworth, 1994), p. 190

66 Snag, Yukon: “Yukon Lives up to Reputation,” Toledo Blade, February 3, 1968, p. 17

66 what a toque was: Shawna Richer, The Kid: A Season with Sidney Crosby and the New NHL (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2006), p. 82

67 pagnica et al.: Carl Gidén and Patrick Houda, Timeline: Stick and Ball Games (Toronto: Society for International Hockey Research, 2010), throughout

68 100 million years ago: Craig Bowlsby, The Knights of Winter (Vancouver: Craig Bowlsby, 2006), p. 7

68 Dutton: Meryvn (Red) Dutton, Hockey: The Fastest Game On Earth, pp. 6-7

68 1941: Harold McNamara, “Montreal Octogenarian Claims Hockey Invented 104 Years Ago,” Montreal Gazette, February 1, 1941, p. 28

68 stubbornness: Frank J. Selke (with Gordon Green), Behind The Cheering (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1962)

68 the abundant ice: Jack Tremblay, The Birth of Hockey: Canada’s National Sport (Fredericton: Brunswick Press, 1967), p. 1

69 Gnaedinger: “Origin of Ice Hockey,” in “Letters to the Sports Editor,” New York Times, April 5, 1941

69 March 3, 1875: J. W. (Bill) Fitsell, Hockey’s Captains, Colonels & Kings (Erin: Boston Mills Press, 1987), pp. 33-39

69     unveiling of a monument: http://www.sihrhockey.org/__a/public/creighton_memorial.cfm

69 Camelot: Arthur Farrell, Hockey: Canada’s Royal Winter Game (Montreal: C. R. Corneil, 1899), pp. 30-33

69 later chronicler: Henry Roxborough, One Hundred — Not Out: The Story of Nineteenth-Century Canadian Sport (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1966), p. 142

69 first hockey stick to Western Canada: Vince Leah, Manitoba Hockey: A History (Winnipeg: Manitoba Hockey Players Association, 1969), p. 15

70 Dick Smith: Iain Fyffe, On His Own Side of the Puck (Fredericton: Blurb, 2014), pp. 45-49

71 James Creighton: J. W. Fitsell, “Creighton, James George Aylwin,” Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 15 (Toronto: University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003), http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/creighton_james_george_aylwin_15E.html

71 uppercut in Eden? Pierce Egan, Boxiana: Sketches of Ancient and Modern Pugilism (Leicester: Vance Harvey, 1971), pp. 1-20

72     Hockey’s Home online: http://www.hockeyshome.ns.ca

73  Franklin’s men: Ken Warren, “Senators explore hockey’s birthplace; Day in Deline includes Fishing, Dogsledding and Dancing,” Ottawa Citizen, November 21, 2012

73 a motion passed: “Politicians promote Deline as hockey’s birthplace,” CBC News, February 17, 2006

75 scuffed boards: Peter LaSalle, Hockey Sur Glace (New York: Breakaway Books, 1996), p. 18

75 smash pucks: Rod Gilbert (with Stan Fischler and Hal Bock), Goal! My Life on Ice (New York: Hawthorn, 1968), p. 144

75 the (evil?) puck: Roland Barthes, What is Sport?, p. 49

75 horse buns: Frank J. Selke (with Gordon Green), Behind The Cheering, p. 8

75 soccer balls: Eduardo Galeano (translated by Mark Fried), Soccer in Sun and Shadow (London: Verso, 1998), p. 21

76 Goodfellow: Stan Fischler, Those Were The Days: The Lore of Hockey (New York: Dodd and Mead, 1976), p. 163

76 pucks in the oven: King Clancy and Brian McFarlane, Clancy, p. 24

76 the gypsum: “Hockey Anecdotes by O.H.A. Referees,” Toronto Daily Star, Saturday, February 4, 1905, p. 8

76 puck breaking in two: Ibid.

76 composition of the puck. “Ice Hockey,” Times, December 2, 1908, p. 5

77 Pettie: George Plimpton, Open Net, p. 28

77 “You and the Puck:” Bobby Hull, Hockey Is My Game (Don Mills: Longmans, 1968), p. 51

78 Park’s dad: Brad Park, Play The Man, p. 104

78 Morrow: Wayne Coffey, The Boys of Winter (New York: Crown, 2005), p. 127

78 Kovalev: Viacheslav Kovalev, The Road To Success, p. 17

78 Tretiak: Vladislav Tretiak (with V. Snegirev and Anatole Konstantin), The Hockey I Love (Toronto: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 1977), p. 59

78 buzkashi: Declan Walsh, “Kabul Goes Mad for Wild Sport,” Guardian, November 23, 2006

78 Carrier: Roch Carrier (translated by Sheila Fischman), La Guerre, Yes Sir! (Toronto: House of Anansi, 2004), p. 26

78 heavy bird: Niven Busch, “Hockey,” New Yorker, November 12, 1927, p. 77

78 nose is still broken: Mark Anthony Jarman, “A Nation Plays Chopsticks,” National Post, June 4, 2012

78 genius when he has the puck: Globe and Mail, February 10, 1979

79 lifeless: Andrew Podnieks, Portraits of the Game: Classic Photographs from the Turofsky Collection (Toronto: Doubleday, 1997)

79 sold at auction: “Canada vs Sweden 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics Game-Used Gold Medal Game Puck,” http://tinyurl.com/o6pqlln

79 Brodeur: http://www.nhl.com/ice/careerstats.htm

79 scalding disks: John B. Lee, “Falstaff as a Hockey Goalie: Taking the Edge Off,” The Hockey Player Sonnets (Waterloo: Penumbra Press, 1991), p. 41

79 Hall: Roger Kahn, “An Hour or So of Hell,” Saturday Evening Post, March 23, 1968, p. 87

79 Tretiak: Vladislav Tretiak (translated by Sam and Maria Budman), Tretiak: The Legend (Edmonton: Plains, 1987), pp. 84-85

80 crisis for Lafleur [in the hardcover, the quote attributed to Claude Larochelle belongs in fact to Georges-Hébert Germain]: Georges-Hébert Germain, Overtime: The Legend of Guy Lafleur (Toronto: Penguin, 1992), p. 234

80 problem of acquaintance: George Plimpton, Open Net, p. 61

80 dogshit: Ibid., p. 107

81 Apuckalypse: Wayne Johnston, The Divine Ryans (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1990), p. 194

82 Clancy: King Clancy and Brian McFarlane, Clancy, p. 93

82 golden age faded: Frank J. Selke (with Gordon Green), Behind The Cheering, p. 109

82 a cold-looking joint: Stan Fischler, Those Were The Days: The Lore of Hockey (New York: Dodd and Mead, 1976), p. 229

82 intimacy of old-time hockey: Clark Blaise, “I’m Dreaming of Rocket Richard,” in Doug Beardsley, ed., The Rocket, The Flower, The Hammer, and Me (Winlaw: Polestar, 1988), p. 12

82 shaking his head: Stan Fischler, Those Were The Days: The Lore of Hockey (New York: Dodd and Mead, 1976), p. 173

83 Hockey’s fine: Ed Fitkin, On the Hockey Beat (Toronto: Castle, 1952), p. 27

83 less crazy: Gary Ronberg, The Violent Game, p. 68

83 muttering: Stan Fischler, Those Were The Days, p. 173

83 entire chapter: Stan Fischler, The Flying Frenchmen (New York: Hawthorn, 1971), p. 310

84 Lane: Stan Fischler, Those Were The Days, pp. 193-94

84 Babe Pratt: Ibid., p. 223

84 tough guys in two pieces: Peter Gzowski, The Game of Our Lives, p. 85

85 Grudges: Bill Gadsby (with Kevin Allen), The Grateful Gadsby (Wayne: Immortal Investments, 2003), p. 65

85 honour among goons: Dave Newhouse, “Hockey Cop McSorley Lends Insight to Sharks TV,” Oakland Tribune, January 13, 2007

85 hockey sissy: Ed Fitkin, On the Hockey Beat, p. 27

87 Nighbor’s name: http://tinyurl.com/qx9cwcn

87 Gliding Ghost: Bill Gray, Montreal Gazette, April 13, 1946

88 Jack Walker: Pittsburgh Press, December 9, 1927

89 Blueshirts: “Torontos Show Dazzling Speed, Hand Ontarios Good Beating,” Toronto World, January 8, 1914, p. 8

89 Clancy: King Clancy and Brian McFarlane, Clancy, p. 53

89 Morenz’s tears: Dink Carroll, Montreal Gazette, November 15, 1951

90 Pit Lepine: Montreal Gazette, October 20, 1938

90 frolicsome: “Nighbor Getting Shock of His Life From Young Rover Boys in Gotham,” Globe and Mail, December 31, 1936, p. 16

90 Hot Ice: http://www.nfb.ca/film/hot_ice

90 a plate of oysters: “Preston Has Candidate for the O.H.A. Executive,” Globe, November 14, 1914, p. 18

91 378 goals: Eric Zweig, Twenty Greatest Hockey Goals (Toronto: Dundurn, 2010), p. 149

92 settled in Peterborough: Ed Arnold, Hockey Town, pp. 1-12

93 All Saints website: http://www.allsaintspeterborough.org

95 city’s historical timeline: http://crestwood.kprdsb.ca/Teachers/SHughes/downloads/FOV1-0006C09D/FOV1-0006CA4D/Historical%20Timeline%20of%20Peterborough.htm

95 a great temptation: Ken Dryden, The Game (Toronto: Macmillan, 1983), p. 94

95 the best all-around player: Michael Farber, “Gainey’s Style Out of Fashion,” Montreal Gazette, January 14, 1984, p. C1

96 the Petun: http://www.wyandot.org/rb10.htm

96 stunned the mouth: Richard Harrison, “Without Words,” Hero of the Play, p. 52

97 leg of mutton: J.M. Heathcote and C.G. Tebbutt, Skating (London: Longmans, 1892) pp. 431-32

98 Moscow Circus: Milwaukee Journal, March 9, 1966

98 Dorey and Plante: Terry Fraser, “NHL Teams Lucky These Bruins Don’t Play for Boston,” Toronto Daily Star, October 6, 1970, p. 17

99 2009 hockey-bear: “Ice-skating Bear Kills Russian Circus Director,” CBC.ca, October 22, 2009, http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/ice-skating-bear-kills-russian-circus-director-1.794820

100 ESPN ad: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fJ3j8LJvEdI

100 You’re kidding: “List of Top 100 books reflects literary ‘backbone’ of Canada,” Ottawa Citizen, November 18, 2005

101 fundamentals: Howie Meeker, Howie Meeker’s Hockey Basics (Scarborough: Prentice-Hall, 1973), p. 16

101 1935 booklet: T.P. (Tommy) Gorman, How to Become a Hockey Star (Montreal: Canada Starch Company, 1935)

101 grenade accident: Al Abrams, “Sidelines on Sports,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 17, 1954, p. 16

102    by God: Howie Meeker, Howie Meeker’s Hockey Basics, p. 108

102 TV tutorials: CBC Digital Archives, http://www.cbc.ca/archives/discover/programs/h/howie-meeker-hockey-school/howie-meeker-hockey-school-feb-13-1977.html

104 more Northern countries: George Anderson, The Art of Skating (Glasgow: Thomas Murray, 1852), p. 17

106 creaking: Philip Harkins, Lightning On Ice (New York: Comet, 1946), p. 37

106 silence: Richard T. Flood, Pass That Puck! (New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1948), pp. 8-9

106 gentle splashing: Lev Kassil (translated by Anne Terry White), Brother of the Hero (New York: George Braziller, 1968), p. 91

106 HELLLPPPPP!: Roy MacGregor, Forever (Calgary: Red Deer Press, 2005), pp. 16-17

106 a brave boy: M.R. Renick, Skating Today (New York: Charles Scribner’s, 1945), p. 116

106 Sherman tank: “Ice Thickness Safety Chart,” http://www.almanac.com/content/ice-thickness-safety-chart

106 a nuclear sub: Al Gore, ‪An Inconvenient Truth: ‪The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It (New York: Rodale, 2006), p. 142

107 Prince Albert: The Duke of Argyll, The Life of Queen Victoria (London: George Bell and Sons, 1909), p. 119

107 floundering around: George Saunders, “Tenth of December,” Tenth of December (New York: Random House, 2013), p. 235

108    Winter Landscape with Skaters, https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/collection/SK-A-1718

108 Hunters in the Snow, http://www.wikiart.org/en/pieter-bruegel-the-elder/hunters-in-the-snow-1565

110 S. Bruce Smith School: http://sbs.epsb.ca

110 Your grandfather: The Gateway, February 23, 1920, p. 2

116 most famous first skates: Gordie Howe as told to Joe Falls, “The Golden Goal-Getter,” Boys’ Life, December, 1966, p. 41

117 double-runner skates: Stan Fischler, Stan Mikita: The Turbulent Career of a Hockey Superstar (Chicago: Cowles, 1969), pp. 25-26

117 Nesterenko used in Flin Flon: Studs Terkel, ‪Working

117 Selke: Frank J. Selke (with Gordon Green), Behind The Cheering, p. 8

118 a Northland: Stan Fischler, Stan Mikita: The Turbulent Career of a Hockey Superstar, p. 26

118 blue-silver: Paul Quarrington, King Leary, p. 81

119 Words didn’t stand a chance: Bill Gaston, The Good Body (Toronto: House of Anansi, 2010), p. 44

121 Esposito: Gary Ronberg, The Ice Men, p. 218

121 Milbury and the 1979 Boston Bruins: Dave Seminara, “Over the Glass and Into Hockey Lore,” New York Times, December 23, 2009, p. B11

121 whirligig: Paul Quarrington, King Leary, p. 6

121 very sly: Charles Geoffrey Muller, Puck Chasers Incorporated (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1927), p. 164

122 long-range shot: Charles Geoffrey Muller, Puck Chasers Incorporated, p. 89

122 former figure skater/accused coward: Harold M. Sherman, “The Ice Cyclone,” Down The Ice and Other Winter Sport Stories (Chicago: Goldsmith, 1932), pp. 41-72

122 first British-born player: Tony Hand (with Mike Appleton), Tony Hand: A Life in British Hockey (Stroud: Tempus, 2006), p. 176

123 Watch out, Army: Rod Gilbert (with Stan Fischler and Hal Bock), Goal! My Life on Ice (New York: Hawthorn, 1968), p. 67

123 throwing a baseball: Don Cherry (with Stan Fischler), Grapes: A Vintage View of Hockey (Toronto: Prentice-Hall, 1982), p. 108

124 most sensational: Saskatoon Star-Phoenix, April 10, 1952

124 concussion protocols: Roy MacGregor, “Concussed Henderson Had To Plead To Play,” Globe and Mail, November 27, 2012, p. S3

125 O’Brien: Andy O’Brien, Rocket Richard (Toronto: The Ryerson Press, 1961), pp. 9-12

p. 125    what happened next: George MacFarlane, “Richard’s Spectacular End-to-End Dash Kayos Fighting Boston Team,” Globe and Mail, April 9, 1952

p. 126    famous photo: Charles Foran, Maurice Richard (Toronto: Penguin, 2011), p. 75

p. 126    breaks down: Roch Carrier (translated by Sheila Fischman), Our Life With The Rocket: The Maurice Richard Story (Toronto: Penguin, 2001), p. 197

p. 126    RocketRichardologist: Benoît Melançon (translated by Fred A. Reed), The Rocket: A Cultural History of Maurice Richard (Vancouver: Greystone, 2009), pp. 32-35

127 RRRRRR! : Gordie and Colleen Howe (with Tom Delisle), and … Howe! (Traverse City: Power Play, 1995), p. 41

127 thump, thump, thump: Rod Gilbert (with Stan Fischler and Hal Bock), Goal! My Life on Ice (New York: Hawthorn, 1968), p. 10

127 foom!: Stan Fischler, The Flying Frenchmen (New York: Hawthorn, 1971), p. 271

127 ponk!: Roger Angell, “The Sporting Scene: The Last Flowers in the Garden” New Yorker, March 25, 1967

127 Caribou, Maine: Cleo Birdwell, Amazons (New York: Holt, Reinhart and Winston, 1980), p. 241

127 swift hiss: Brian Richardson, “Night Star Special” in Reflections From a Basement Window, (Winnipeg: Prairie Publishing, 1983), p. 27

127 the river sings: Alix Vance, “December River Blues,” in Kevin Brooks and Sean Brooks, eds., Thru The Smoky End Boards, p. 77

128  tromp: Brad Park, Play The Man, p. 95

128 Nationals: John Craig, Power Play (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1968)

128 bluer than a housewife: Ed Fitkin, Turk Broda of the Leafs (Toronto: Castle, 1950), p. 105

128 “deeks” for decoys: “The Deek Man,” Time, November 21, 1960

129 Gallivan’s spin-o-rama: Bruce Hood (with Murray Townsend), ‪The Good of the Game: ‪Recapturing Hockey’s Greatness (Toronto: Stoddart, 1999), p. 203

129 fuck: Frank Orr, Puck is a Four-Letter Word (New York: William Morrow, 1983), p. 124

129 Jarman: Mark Anthony Jarman, Salvage King, Ya! (Vancouver, Anvil Press, 1997), p. 132

129 dogpile: Chandler W. Sterling, The Icehouse Gang: My Year With The Black Hawks, p. 74

130 Slick: Ted Green (with Al Hirshberg), High Stick (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1971), p. 13

130 Wrong Moves: Lewis J. Poteet and Aaron C. Poteet, The Hockey Phrase Book (Hantsport: Lancelot, 1991), p. 98

130 rabidoux: Mike Bossy (with Barry Meisel), Boss, p. 34

130 glue guy: Mike Johnston and Ryan Walter, Simply The Best: Players on Performance (Surrey: Heritage House, 2007), p. 50

130 garbage collector: Stan Fischer and Shirley Fischler, Who’s Who in Hockey (Toronto: Andrews McMeel, 2003), p. 113

130 standing on your head: Dave Bidini, Tropic Of Hockey: My Search for the Game in Unlikely Places (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart), p. 54

130 charger-arounder: John Gault, The Fans Go Wild, p. 75

130 buzzsaw: Mike Bossy (with Barry Meisel), Boss

131 wicked: Mark Anthony Jarman, Salvage King, Ya!, p. 22

131 howitzer: Kelly McParland, ‪The Lives of Conn Smythe: ‪From the Battlefield to Maple Leaf Gardens: A Hockey Icon’s Story (Toronto: Random House, 2012), p. 145

131 cannonading drive: Dick Beddoes, “A Sad Tale of a Hockey Hero’s Demise,” Toronto Star Saturday Magazine, January 14, 1989, p. M10

131 rocket: Ken Baker, They Don’t Play Hockey In Heaven: A Dream, A Team, And My Comeback Season (Guilford: Globe Pequot, 2004), p. 276

131 human eraser: Paul Hunter, “Schenn Shows Off His Killer Instinct,” Toronto Star, February 1, 2009, p. S1

131 can-opener: Peter Botte and Alan Hahn, Fish Sticks: The Fall and Rise of the New York Islanders (New York: Sports Publishing, 2002), p. 186

132 scintillating: Dick Beddoes, “A Sad Tale of a Hockey Hero’s Demise,” Toronto Star Saturday Magazine, January 14, 1989, p. M10

132 no: George Plimpton, Open Net

132  maidenly: Ibid., p. 48

132 Seaweed: Ibid., p. 29

133 agates: Gerald Eskenazi, A Year On Ice (New York: Coward-McCann, 1970), p. 156

133 “got no seeds:” George Plimpton, Open Net, p. 35

133    Instigate: Fred Stenson, Teeth (Regina: Coteau, 1994), p. 141

133 Gibson: John J. Urie, “Canadian Hockey Review: Interim Report on Minor Amateur Hockey in Canada,” March 1, 1979, p. 146

133 Mencken: H.L. Mencken, The American Language, Supplement II (New York: A.A. Knopf, 1962), p. 736

134 Donnybrook: Hugh MacLennan, The Other Side of Hugh MacLennan: ‪Selected Essays Old and New, p. 71

134 pansification: William Houston, “Gay Rights Group Outraged by CBC’s Use of ‘Pansification,’” Globe and Mail, January 28, 2009

134 Iggy!!!: Michael Farber, “Eight Seconds,” in Jane Leavy, ed., The Best American Sports Writing 2011 (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, Harcourt, 2011), p. 61

136    Danny Braun: CBC Radio, February, 2007

137 Struthers: Betsy Struthers, “Thin Ice,” in Michael P.J. Kennedy, ed., Going Top Shelf (Surrey: Heritage House, 2005), p. 45

137  Gzowski: Peter Gzowski, The Game of Our Lives, p. 20

137 shoo-oonk!: R. J. Childerhose, Winter Racehorse (Toronto: Peter Martin Associates, 1968), p. 89

138 Crozier: Lorna Crozier, “Canadian Angels,” in Michael P.J. Kennedy, ed., Going Top Shelf (Surrey: Heritage House, 2005), p. 79

138 snow-boot goals: John B. Lee, “When I Was a Boy and the Family Pond Froze,” in Michael P.J. Kennedy, ed., Going Top Shelf, p. 59

139 Grand designs: Ken Dryden, The Game: 30th Anniversary Edition, p. 259

139 Scriver: Stephen Scriver, “Clearing,” in Stephen Scriver, All Star Poet! (Moose Jaw: Coteau, 1981), p. 13

139 Purdy: Al Purdy, “Hockey Players,” in Kevin Brooks and Sean Brooks, Thru The Smoky End Boards, p. 57

139 Auckland: Lorne Worsley (with Tim Moriarty), They Call Me Gump, p. 152

139 Hood: Hugh Hood, Strength Down Centre (Scarborough: Prentice-Hall, 1970), p. 131

139 Pratt: Stan Fischler, Those Were The Days: The Lore of Hockey (New York: Dodd and Mead, 1976), p. 228

140 Bonin: Hugh Hood, Strength Down Centre, p. 70

140 Lalonde: Frank J. Selke (with Gordon Green), Behind The Cheering, p. 104

140, Keats: Gary W. Zeman, Alberta on Ice (Edmonton: Westweb, 1985), p. 287

140 Beddoes: Billy Harris, The Glory Years, p. 23

140 Broadbent: King Clancy and Brian McFarlane, Clancy, p. 53

140 Schriner + Cotton: Conn Smythe (with Scott Young), If You Can’t Beat ’Em In The Alley (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1981), pp. 121-123

140 awesome, unstoppable: Johnny Bucyk (with Russ Conway), Hockey In My Blood, p. 114

141 human hockey machine: Bill Roche, The Hockey Book (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1953), p. 193

141 smiled the most: Alex Dobrota, “Fans Mourn Passing of Habs’ Golden Era,” Montreal Gazette, March 15, 2006

141 Morenz was small: http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/player/Howie-Morenz

142 full of death: Wayne Johnston, The Divine Ryans, p. 122

142    slope-faced: “Hockey, Midseason,” Time, January 5, 1931

143 limburger: Trent Frayne, “How They Broke the Heart of Howie Morenz,” in
Trent Frayne, It’s Easy, All You Have To Do Is Win (Don Mills: Longmans, 1968), p. 17

143 Dandurand: Ibid., p. 15

143 a hold-backer: Howie Morenz, “Hockey Flashbacks,” in Herb Graffis, ed., Esquire’s First Sports Reader (New York: A.S. Barnes, 1945), pp. 44-48

145    1835 short story: Nikolai Gogol, “St. John’s Eve,” in The Collected Tales of Nikolai Gogol (New York: Random House, 2011), p. 15

145 Wharton: Edith Wharton, The Fruit of the Tree (Auckland: Floating Press, 2011), p. 110

146 Conacher’s favourite: Frank Cosentino and Don Morrow, Lionel Conacher, p. 8

146 reading about Frank: Paul Quarrington, King Leary, p. 41

147 terrible person: Donald Ferguson, The Chums of Scranton High at Ice Hockey (Cleveland: World Syndicate, 1919), p. 21

149 R.B.: P. B. Waite, “Bennett, Richard,” Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 17 (Toronto: University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003), http://tinyurl.com/lq3d7ft

149 Mackenzie King: Diaries of William Lyon Mackenzie King, January 19, 1901, item 3382, http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/politics-government/prime-ministers/william-lyon-mackenzie-king/Pages/item.aspx?IdNumber=3382&

149 second unsung King-Byng Affair: Diaries of William Lyon Mackenzie King, November 19, 1925, item 9559, http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/politics-government/prime-ministers/william-lyon-mackenzie-king/Pages/item.aspx?IdNumber=9559&

149 Lyndon B. Johnson: American Presidency Project, “Toasts of the President and Prime Minister Pearson,” January 22, 1964, http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=26017

150 Herr Zigzag: Andrew Cohen, Lester B. Pearson (Toronto: Penguin, 2008), p. 33

150 a cricket ball: Ibid., p. 20

150 I love my job: “Prime Minister Stephen Harper Talks Hockey with Gord Miller during TSN Exclusive,” April 18 2006, http://www.bce.ca/news-and-media/releases/show/prime-minister-stephen-harper-talks-hockey-with-gord-miller-during-tsn-exclusive

150 spinmeister Frank Luntz: Elizabeth Thompson, “American Strategist Teaches Tories Tips on Keeping Power,” Montreal Gazette, May 7, 2006

151 Hamid Karzai: “PM makes surprise visit to Afghanistan,” CBC News, May 22, 2007, http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/pm-makes-surprise-visit-to-afghanistan-1.664640

152    Beardsley: Doug Beardsley, Country On Ice, p. 25

152    Gillmor: Don Gillmor, “Hockey: The Great Literary Shutout,” Walrus, pp. 88-93

152 Gessen: Keith Gessen, “In Search of the Great American Hockey Novel,” New York Times Book Review, February 19, 2006

153 Salutin: Rick Salutin, “Why Pucklit Won’t Produce a Rink of Dreams,” Globe and Mail, January 21, 1994, p. C1

153 small-ball theory: George Plimpton, “The Small Ball Theory,” in George Plimpton, George Plimpton on Sports (Guilford: The Lyons Press, 2005), p. 155

153 it’s … baseball: Don DeLillo, Underworld (New York: Scribner, 1997), pp. 11-60

153 greatest exports: Paul Henderson (with Jim Prime), How Hockey Explains Canada (Chicago: Triumph, 2011), p. viii

154 Roosevelt: John J. Miller, The Big Scrum: How Teddy Roosevelt Saved Football (New York: Harper, 2011)

154 disappointing: Perry Lefko, “A Great Game: The Forgotten Leafs and the Rise of Professional Hockey,” Quill & Quire, November 7, 2013

154 eye-glazing: Bruce Cheadle, “Stephen J. Harper’s Hockey History Includes Spectral Prime Ministerial Presence,” Yahoo! News, December 17, 2013, http://news.yahoo.com/stephen-j-harper-39-hockey-history-includes-spectral-202157692.html

154 agonizing pages: Chris Selley, “Stephen Harper’s Long-Awaited Hockey History is Exhaustive, Exhausting,” National Post, November 5, 2013

154 surprisingly readable: Rosie DiManno, “Stephen Harper on his Game with New Hockey Book,” Toronto Star, November 5, 2013

154 overly engaged nostalgist: John Allemang, “A Sport and a Pastime,” Globe and Mail, November 9, 2013, p. R18

154 President Obama: Jeff Z. Klein, “Hockey History, as Documented by Prime Minister,” New York Times, November 5, 2013, p. B10

155 Gravelle: Hockey Hall of Fame, http://www.legendsofhockey.net/LegendsOfHockey/jsp/SearchPlayer.jsp?player=12773

157 swished: “Montreal Whips Helpless Hawks,” Lewiston Daily Sun, January, 29, 1947, p. 9

157 Klondikes: “Dawsonites on the Way,” Manitoba Morning Free Press, January 7, 1905, p. 7

157 Moosomin to Swift Current: Brenda Zeman, Hockey Heritage: 88 Years of Puck-Chasing in Saskatchewan (Regina: WDS, 1983), p. 3

157  Morenz’s: Dean Robinson, Howie Morenz, p. 25

157 Keats’s: Bruce Alan Craig and Kenneth Ross Craig, Blades On The Bay: One Hundred Years of Hockey in North Bay and Area (North Bay: K.R. Craig, 1997), p. 178

157 Gadsby’s: Bill Gadsby, The Grateful Gadsby, p. 10

157 Henderson’s: Paul Henderson (with Roger Lajoie), The Goal of My Life (Toronto: Fenn/McClelland & Stewart, 2012), p. 2

157 Adams’s: Phil Loranger, If They Played Hockey in Heaven, p. 4

157  Cobalt: Bruce Alan Craig and Kenneth Ross Craig, Blades On The Bay, p. 3

157 Normie Smith: Phil Loranger, If They Played Hockey in Heaven, p. 146

158 George Hayes: Scott Young, “Clarence Campbell, Be A Mother To Me,” Sports Stories (Toronto: Ryerson, 1965), p. 143

158 King Leary: Paul Quarrington, King Leary, p. 84

158 ML1: Billy Harris, The Glory Years, p. 66

158 boomed the boys at rummy: King Clancy and Brian McFarlane, Clancy, p. 111

158 a brewery on rails: Ibid., p. 59

159 Banff: Frank Boucher (with Trent Frayne), When The Rangers Were Young (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1973), p. 129

159 the lower berths: Billy Harris, The Glory Years, p. 69

159 champion snorer: Ed Fitkin, Come On, Teeder! (Toronto: Castle, 1949), p. 17

159 commander of reading: Ed Fitkin, Max Bentley: Hockey’s Dipsy-Doodle Dandy (Toronto: Castle, 1950), p. 67

159 Finkle’s truck: Ibid.

159 Pinky Lewis: http://www.freewebs.com/hockeyrailroader/hockeyrailtales.htm

160 Mogen David: Billy Harris, The Glory Years, p. 93

160 Ferguson: John Ferguson (with Stan and Shirley Fischler), Thunder and Lightning, p. 12

160 railway cards: Dean Robinson, Howie Morenz, p. 88

160 titanic pillow fight: Lorne Worsley (with Tim Moriarty), They Call Me Gump, p. 26

160 switch from train to air travel: John Ferguson (with Stan and Shirley Fischler), Thunder and Lightning, p. 99

161 Béliveau’s approval: Hugh Hood, Strength Down Centre, p. 96

164    Ulysses: Richard Harrison, “The African Hockey Poems 2,” Hero of the Play, p. 10

165 Shore on sex: George Plimpton, Open Net, p. 92

165 grunts and shunts: Roy MacGregor, The Last Season, p. 113

165 DeLillo: Cleo Birdwell, Amazons, pp. 17, 34, 36, and throughout

167 Bowlsby: Craig Bowlsby, 1913: The Year They Invented the Future of Hockey (Vancouver: Knights of Winter, 2013)

167 Major McLaughlin: Ed Fitkin, Max Bentley, p. 58

167 Apps: “Leafs Great Apps Was Exceptional Athlete,” Montreal Gazette, December 26, 1998, p. C2

168 Meeker: Charlie Hodge, Golly Gee, p. 160

168 Life checks us: Vladislav Tretiak, Tretiak, p. 35

168 Koivu: “Cancer shock for Habs’ Koivu,” Toronto Star, September 7, 2001, p. C1

169 September 11: “‘I want to go home and hug my kids’: Players scramble to phones in wake of terrorist strikes,” Halifax Daily News, September 12, 2001, p. 54

169 training camp: Scott Young, A Boy at the Leafs’ Camp (Boston: Little, Brown, 1963), pp. 7-20

173 bottles: “Bottles Tossed on the Ice By Halifax Fans,” Toronto Daily Star, January 17, 1936

173 sickest of the bunch: “Over The Tea Cups,” Toronto Daily Star, February 8, 1936, p. 22

173 black armbands: Ibid.

174 Smythe called up Calder: “Grief at King’s Passing Takes Form in Sportdom,” Toronto Daily Star, January 21, 1936, p. 10

174 God Save the King: Ibid.

174 roadsigns: Susan D. Bachrach, The Nazi Olympics Berlin 1936 (Boston: Little, Brown, 2000), p. 77

174    Hoffinger: “Canadian Coach for German Olympic Hockey Team,” Toronto Daily Star, January 11, 1936

174 Ball: “Games at Garmisch,” Time, February 17, 1936, pp. 38-39

174 Brundage: John Lardner, “Brundage Rhapsodic Over Olympic Amity,” Hartford Courant, February 27, 1936, p. 16

175 salute: Marsha Lederman, “A Salute That Shocked the World,” Globe and Mail, October 14, 2009, p. R1

175 Then, hockey: “Canada’s Hockey Team Plows Through Snow To Trounce Poland, 8-1,” Globe, February 7, 1936, p. 6

175 Dominion: “Canadians Trim Latvians 11-0 in Second Olympic Match,” Toronto Daily Star, February 7, 1936, p. 1

176 Foster + Archer: “Two English Stars Ousted On Eve of Olympic Opening,” Globe, February 6, 1936, p. 6

176 Austrians: Lou Marsh, “With Pick and Shovel,” Toronto Daily Star, February 12 1936

176 Varney: “World To End To-morrow, Paster Here is Convinced,” Toronto Daily Star, February 13, 1936, p. 1

177 Halton: M. H. Halton, “Canadians Deserved To Win But Old Land Got Breaks, Globe, February 12, 1936

177 Moore: Austrians: Lou Marsh, “With Pick and Shovel,” Toronto Daily Star, February 12, 1936

177 Foster: “Foster Baffles Canadians in Great Hockey Upset,” Toronto Daily Star, February 12, 1936, p. 10

178 hurrah for Great olde Britain: “It’s Still ‘Hands Across the Hockey Sea,’ Say the Experts,” Toronto Daily Star, February 10, 1936, p. 10

178 Hungarians: “Le Canada Écrase la Hongrie dans un Match Fort Accidenté, ” La Patrie, February 12, 1936, p. 25

179 Daniel Boone: Ralph Allen, “Two Other People, Joe? Maybe It Was Goering,” Globe, January 6, 1939

179 calm the crowd: Duff Hart-Davis, Hitler’s Games: The 1936 Olympics (New York: Harper & Row, 1986), p. 100

180 Labatte: “England Wins Olympic Hockey Title,” Globe, February 17, 1936, p. 1

180 Dhyan Chand: Anu Sharma, Genius of India (Gurgaon: Pinnacle, 2011)

180 Varney: “Says End of World Merely Postponed,” Toronto Daily Star, February 17, 1936

[Second]

181 so fuckin simple: Stephen Scriver, “Clearing,” in Stephen Scriver, All Star Poet! (Moose Jaw: Coteau, 1981), p. 13

188 Polish reporter: “Canadians on drugs? Polish Paper Asks,” Vancouver Sun, September 23, 1972

188 three hundred steaks: Stephen Smith, “At Summit Series in Moscow, Canadians Ask, ‘Where’s the Beef?’” Slapshot blog, New York Times, September 28, 2012, http://slapshot.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/28/at-summit-series-in-moscow-canadians-ask-wheres-the-beef/

188 Finnish milk: Colin McCullough, “Russian officials bump Canadians from Best Hotels,” Globe and Mail, September 20, 1972, p. 1

188 sweaty rawness: “Phil Esposito’s Summit Series speech goes down in hockey history,” Globe and Mail, September 12, 2012

190 I feel sorry: Harry Sinden, Showdown: The Canada-Russia Hockey Series (Toronto: Doubleday, 1972), p. 123

190 Henderson: Paul Henderson (with Mike Leonetti), Shooting For Glory (Toronto: Warwick, 1997), p. 85

191 shaking hands: Ken Dryden (with Mark Mulvoy), Face-Off At The Summit (Toronto: Little, Brown, 1973), p. 50

191 learn when you lose: Ibid., p. 51

191 a secret seed: Slava Malamud, “Bobby Clarke: ‘I Was No Fighter …,’ Sport Express Daily, July 24, 2006

191 ate terrible hamburgers: Ken Dryden (with Mark Mulvoy), Face-Off At The Summit, p. 55

193 accidentally born in Canada: Katie Baker, “No Place Like Home: Visiting Ilya Kovalchuk in Russia,” Grantland.com, January 17, 2014

193 russki hokkei: Lawrence Martin, ‪The Red Machine: ‪The Soviet Quest to Dominate Canada’s Game (Toronto: Doubleday, 1990), p. 19

194 Red Army versus Dynamo: Robert Edelman, Serious Fun: A History of Spectator Sports in the U.S.S.R. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), pp. 111-112

194 please!: Drew Middleton, “Russians Swing To Canadian Game,” New York Times, January 24, 1947

195 out of a void: Anatoli Tarasov, “You Won’t Play Us Because You Are Afraid of Losing,” Canadian Magazine, April 19, 1969, p. 2

195 free of foreign additives: Ibid.

195 Arkadyev: “Defends Russian Hockey,” New York Times, January 6, 1947, p. 15

196 perplexed the Czechs: ‪Andrew Podnieks and ‪Szymon Szemberg, ‪World of Hockey: ‪Celebrating a Century of the IIHF (Toronto: H.B. Fenn, 2007), p. 36

196 first indoor rink: “Russians Favored To Keep Hockey Title,” Deseret News, November 13, 1954, p. A3

197 Larionov’s Voskresensk: Igor Larionov (with Jim Taylor and Leonid Reizer), Larionov (Winnipeg: Codner, 1990), p. 15

198 Nikolai Epshtein: Ibid., p. 39

199 Larionov’s grandfather: Alan Adams, “Igor Larionov Goes Full Circle,” Toronto Star, August 19, 1997, p. D6

199 Sokol subway stop: “Valery Kharlamov, The Soviet MVP of the Decade,” http://www.chidlovski.com/personal/1974/story/sumvpkh.htm

199 minor planet: Letter from Consulate General of the Russian Federation to Hockey Hall of Fame, November 2, 2006

200 helluva hockey player: Harry Sinden, Showdown, p. 18

200 Chagall of hockey: Lawrence Martin, ‪The Red Machine, p. 127

200 million dollars: “Ballard Says He’d Spend $1 Million For Kharlamov,” Montreal Gazette, September 5, 1972, p. 37

200 Nureyev: Ken Dryden (with Mark Mulvoy), Face-Off At The Summit, p. 44

201 cosmonaut Gagarin: Vladislav Tretiak (translated by Sam and Maria Budman), Tretiak: The Legend (Edmonton: Plains, 1987), p. 60

201 pancakes: Харламов, Валерий Борисович, ru.wikipedia.org /wiki/Kharlamov, _Valeriy_Borisovich

201 six or seven Cokes: Ken Dryden (with Mark Mulvoy), Face-Off At The Summit, p. 44

201 everyone laughed: Frank Orr, “Kharlamov: Soviets’ Eddie Shack,” Toronto Star, January 3, 1976

201 Sanderson of Moscow: Jim Proudfoot, “Big Gun of Soviets Spiked By Canucks,” Toronto Star, September 26, 1972

201 a thorough going over: Toronto Star, September 26, 1972, p. 26

201 insult and indignity: Jim Proudfoot, “Russia: Bench Him; Canada Says No!” Toronto Star, October 4, 1974, p. A1

202 shook hands: Ibid., p. A2

202 Van Impe: Frank Orr, “Flyers’s hero is Sunday’s hero as Philly Champs of the World,” Toronto Star, January 12, 1976, p. B1

202 Leningradskoye: Gennady Fyodorov, “Small Town Remembers Russian Great Kharlamov,” Reuters, November 2, 2005

202 killed: Pat Doyle, “Mishap Takes Hockey Great,” Toronto Sun, August 28, 1981, p. 117

203 Frank Nighbor’s Senators: “Rod Smylie Starts Ottawa to Victory,” Toronto Daily Star, January 3, 1924, p. 24

204 the spring of 1954: “Hockey’s Biggest Headache: What Will Canada Do About Moscow?” Hockey Pictorial, November, 1954, p. 5

205 Unger + Lockhart: “Russia Deserved Victory — But, Oh Those Rules!” Toronto Daily Star, March 10, 1954, p. 16

206 Campbell worried: “Russia Suggests Visit by NHL Team,” Globe and Mail, February 27, 1954, p. 1

206 melted: “Smythe Leaves To Talk Hockey, Returns Discussing Horse Races,” Toronto Daily Star, May 19, 1954, p. 24

206 Swedish history: Keith Hansen, “The Birth of Swedish Ice Hockey: Antwerp 1920,” http://library.la84.org/SportsLibrary/JOH/JOHv4n2/JOHv4n2c.pdf

207 Tumba: “Friends Remember Sven Tumba,” Aftonbladet, October 29, 2013

207 Chicken Swedes: Bruce Hood (with Murray Townsend), ‪The Good of the Game: ‪Recapturing Hockey’s Greatness (Toronto: Stoddart, 1999), p. 232

207 99 per cent: “Sidelights of Hockey Bouts,” Border Cities Star, December 11, 1926, p. 3

207 American players: Alfred L. Schoenfeld, “Lack of American Hockey Players Due to Failure to Develop the Stride,” Brooklyn Daily Eagle, February 20, 1928

208 first game ever: W. A. Hewitt, “The Swedes Were Rough With Belgium,” Toronto Daily Star, May 11, 1920

208 hard to beat: W. A. Hewitt, “How Canada Beat The Yankee Team,” Toronto Daily Star, May 13, 1920

208 equipment: W. A. Hewitt, “Swedes’ Hockey Equipment Crude,” Toronto Daily Star, May 5, 1920, p. 26

208 Sly charged: “Swedes Are Soft; That’s Why They Get Hurt: Sly,” Toronto Daily Star, February 3, 1962

209 Sudbury, 1949: “14 Injured As Swedes Fight To See ‘Dangerous’ Canadians,” Edmonton Journal, February 17, 1949

209 a little more human: “Trying to Humanize Hockey, Europeans Tell Canadians,” Toronto Daily Star, February 17, 1949, p. 26

209 crafty, those Swedes: Jim Proudfoot, “Sweden Plans Financial Aid to ‘Revive’ Canadian Hockey,” Toronto Daily Star, March 15, 1965, p. 11

210 Hammarstrom and Salming: “Salming and Hammerstrom unfazed by Philadelphia’s Rough Tactics,” Globe and Mail, October 12, 1973

210 Tarasov on Sterner: Anatoli Tarasov, Road To Olympus (Toronto: Griffin House, 1969), p. 166

210 Rangers signed Sterner: William J. Briordy, “Coach to Put Punch in Ranger Attack,” New York Times, September 15, 1963, p. S17

211 Ulfie has never recovered: Ken Dryden (with Mark Mulvoy), Face-Off At The Summit, p. 95

211 Cashman: “‘Cash’ Goes to the Hospital,” Montreal Gazette, September 20, 1972, p. 39

211 Reverend Mr. Wood: “Sunday ‘Hockey’ At Rideau Hall,” Evening Journal, February 10, 1890

212 bad hockey: Roger Angell, “The Sporting Scene: The Last Flowers in the Garden,” New Yorker, March 25, 1967

212 de Coubertin: Pierre de Coubertin, “Skaters, Play Hockey!” Olympic Review, March, 1909, pp. 45-47, in Pierre de Coubertin, Selected Texts (Zurich: Weidemann, 1986)

213 Frank Bascombe: Richard Ford, The Sportswriter (New York: Vintage, 1986), p. 45

213 Roy Blount: William Grimes, “Understand the South, Y’all, Even the Puzzling Parts,” New York Times, May 23, 2007

213 Ahearne: Alan Harvey, “World Champions in the Bunny’s Bag,” Globe Magazine, April 1, 1967, pp. 10-12

213 Ahearne doesn’t think Canadians will wake up: Milt Dunnell, Star Weekly Magazine, April 11, 1959, p. 8

214 O, Kanadier: Karl Adolf Scherer, 1908-1978: 70 Years of LIHG/IIHF (Munich: Edition Prosport, 1978), p. 25

215 suing hockey: “Ulf Sterner’s Tough Battle,” Expressen.se, September 29, 2008

215 Lower Body Injury: Curtis Rush, “The ‘upper-body’ injury — from Pat Quinn’s brain to NHL lexicon,” Toronto Star, March 18, 2014

215 tickled pink: Ted Green (with Al Hirshberg), High Stick (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1971) p. 161

216 lace-bite: Curtis Rush, “Maple Leafs’ player hit with ‘lace bite’ as they prepare to take on the Senators, ” Toronto Star, February 1, 2014

217 charley horse: Vancouver Sun, January 20, 1931

220 Morenz and the gunman: “Howie Morenz Hurt,” Lewiston Daily Sun, May 24, 1932

222 Paris, France: “French Police Arrest Manager of Nationals,” Globe, March 28, 1933, p. 12

223 Bob Gainey’s new windup toy: Michael Farber, “Why Good Teams Fight,” Sports Illustrated, October 13, 2008

224 harder than boxing: Rod Gilbert (with Stan Fischler and Hal Bock), Goal! My Life on Ice (New York: Hawthorn, 1968), p. 65

224 scoring a goal is easier: Rob Ray (with Budd Bailey), Rayzor’s Edge (Champaign: Sports Publishing, 2007), p. 7

224 super-motivated, plus: John Ferguson (with Stan and Shirley Fischler), Thunder and Lightning (Scarborough: Prentice-Hall, 1989), p. 86

224 (looking at you, Carl Brewer): Ibid.

224 start a fight: George Plimpton, Open Net, p. 159

224 keeping your balance: Rod Gilbert (with Stan Fischler and Hal Bock), Goal! My Life on Ice, p. 65

224 Nick Metz: Ed Fitkin, Footloose in Hockey (Toronto: Castle, 1950), p. 96

224 Fontinato: Rod Gilbert (with Stan Fischler and Hal Bock), Goal! My Life on Ice, p. 65

225 Kurtenbach: Derek Sanderson (with Stan Fischler), I’ve Got To Be Me (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1970), p. 93

225 the odd scrap: “The Phenomenal Bobby Orr,” Life, February 27, 1970, p. 30

225 file his fingernails: George Plimpton, Open Net, p. 155

p. 225 Vukota: ‪Stan Fischler, Bad Boys: ‪Legends of Hockey’s Toughest, Meanest, Most-Feared Players! (Toronto: Warwick, 1994), p. 178

225 we were devastated: Dave Semenko (with Larry Tucker), Looking Out for Number One (Toronto: Stoddart, 1989)

225 work at his craft: Gary Ronberg, The Ice Men (New York: Crown, 1973), p. 190

225 Tony Twist: ‪Stan Fischler, Bad Boys, p. 155

226 Mariucci and Black Jack Stewart: Richard Kincaide, ‪Legends of the Detroit Red Wings: ‪Gordie Howe, Alex Delvecchio, Ted Lindsay, and Other Red Wings Heroes (New York: Skyhorse, 2013)

226 chopping wood: Gary Ronberg, The Ice Men, p. 122

226 like locomotive pistons: Stan Fischler, Those Were The Days: The Lore of Hockey (New York: Dodd and Mead, 1976), p. 112

226 a .22 shot: Roy MacGregor, The Last Season (Toronto: Penguin, 1995), p. 20

226 wild cucumber: Ibid., p. 116

227 National Geographic special: Helene Elliott, “NHL’s Rules of the Goad,” Los Angeles Times, March 24, 2004

227 Pilote’s dad: L. Waxy Gregoire and David Dupuis, Pierre Pilote, Heart of the Blackhawks: The Pierre Pilote Story (Toronto: ECW, 2013), p. 9

227 knuckles always bled: Gary Ronberg, The Ice Men, p. 174

227 third-man rule: “A Look at the History of Fighting in Hockey,” Hockey News, November 6, 2013, http://www.thehockeynews.com/articles/54194-A-look-at-the-history-of-fighting-in-hockey.html

227 Bettman, Mansbridge: “Gary Bettman, NHL Commissioner,” Mansbridge One-on-One, Season 15, Episode 12, November 30, 2013, http://www.cbc.ca/player/News/TV+Shows/Mansbridge+One+on+One/ID/2421396824/

228 state-of-the-skull address: Mike Halford, “Sidney Crosby Presser: Sid’s A Ferrari, Fixing Ferrari takes Time,” Orland Kurtenblog, The Province, September 7, 2011, http://blogs.theprovince.com/2011/09/07/sidney-crosby-presser-sids-a-ferrari-fixing-ferraris-takes-time/

228 Dr. Carrick: Cathy Gulli, “Rebuilding Sidney Crosby’s Brain, Maclean’s, November 3, 2011, p. 62

228 whole-body gyroscope: Ibid.

228 Dr. Maroon: Josh Yohe, “Penguins’ Crosby expands treatment team,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Gazette, December 29, 2011

228 Dr. Cusimanois: Bruce Arthur, “Crosby Has Found His Voice,” National Post, September 7, 2011

228 Dr. Ann McKee: “Hockey fights ‘may’ increase risk of degenerative brain disease,” CBC Sports, December 6, 2011, http://www.cbc.ca/sports/hockey/nhl/hockey-fights-may-increase-risk-of-degenerative-brain-disease-1.1010922

228 Dr. Tator: Jeff Z. Klein, “In Debate About Fighting in Hockey, Medical Experts Weigh In,” New York Times, December 13, 2011, p. B11

229 Dr. Echemendia: Ibid.

229 Dr. Clauss: Harold Parrott, “Stitches in Time, Brooklyn Eagle Magazine, December 22, 1924, p. 3

229 Shorty Green: “Shorty Green Hurt; Gains in Hospital,” New York Times, March 1, 1927, p. 23

229 six-day bicycle racing: “Stop! Look! Listen!” Toronto Daily Star, February 28, 1936

229 Clauss, Johnson: John Kieran, “Sports of the Times,” New York Times, February 20, 1930, p. 34

230 straighten Dr. Murray out: Harry Sinden, Showdown, p. 72

230 Dr. Carter Rowe: Stephen Brunt, Searching for Bobby Orr (Toronto: Random House, 2010), p. 263

230 Dr. Schreiber: Roy MacSkimming, Gordie: A Hockey Legend (Vancouver: Greystone, 1994), p. 81

230 Dr. Karibo: Ibid.

230 Dr. Finley: Dr. John Finley, Hockeytown Doc (Chicago: Triumph, 2012)

230 Dr. Turco: “Howe’s Career Put in Jeopardy by Dizzy Spells,” Globe and Mail, September 19, 1979, p. 33

231 rumpus: Melville E. Webb Jr., “Hockey Stars Fight: Two Knocked Cold,” Daily Boston Globe, December 13, 1933, p. 1

232 lacerated brain: “Doctor At Boston Garden Tells Of Bailey Injury,” Hartford Courant, December 31, 1933, p. C6

232 cerebral concussion with convulsions: “Wild Scenes Mark Hockey in Boston,” New York Times, December 13, 1933

232 what team he played for: “Doctor At Boston Garden Tells Of Bailey Injury,” p. C6

232 all in the game, Eddie: “Bailey Holds Shore Blameless for Mishap; Injured Star Proud of His Team’s Progress,” New York Times, January 5, 1934

232 Audubon Hospital: “Rules Disregarded As Maple Leafs Win From Boston Bruins,” Globe, December 13, 1933, p. 8

 232 Trepanning: “Bloodthirsty Boston,” Time, December 25, 1933

233 hockey getting too violent? Ibid.

233 a steak if he wanted: “Doctors Will Allow Bailey to Have Steak On Diet,” Telegraph-Herald, December 22, 1933, p. 10

233 letter from Mrs. Bailey: “Bailey Through,” Toronto Daily Star, January 9, 1934

233 contact was accidental: “Shore Absolved in Bailey Injury,” New York Times, January 5, 1934

233 Monarch of Bermuda: “Shore Back From Trip,” New York Times, January 13, 1934

234 Drillon: Scott Young, The Leafs I Knew (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1966), p. 32

234  inexplicable unit: Toronto Daily Star, April 1, 1941

235 Kids threw snowballs: Scott Young, The Leafs I Knew, p. 33

235 hissed Morenz: Dean Robinson, Howie Morenz: Hockey’s First Superstar (Erin: The Boston Mills Press, 1982), p. 71

235 Durnan: Ron McAllister, Hockey Stars Today and Yesterday (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1950), p. 33

236 hockey made me throw up: Stan Fischler, The Flying Frenchmen, p. 178

236 Seiling: Gerald Eskenazi, A Year On Ice (New York: Coward-McCann, 1970), p. 108

237 Esposito: Craig MacInnis, ed., Remembering Phil Esposito (Vancouver: Raincoast, 2003), p. 82

237 ashamed to be a Canadian: John Gault, The Fans Go Wild: Paul Henderson’s Miracle (Toronto: New Press, 1973), p. 99

237 a skewer: Ibid., p. 98

238 Canadian Ski Federation: Jim Kernaghan, “Canadians Like Booing Themselves, Says Raine,” Toronto Star, September 26, 1972, p. 29

238 rules: John Gault, The Fans Go Wild, p. 97

238 not-hockey games: Andrew McFarland Davis, Indian Games: An Historical Research (Salem: Salem Press, 1886)

240 A.W. Chase: Stewart Culin, Games of the North American Indians: Games of Skill, Volume 2 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1992), p. 623

240 Abbé Ferland: Andrew McFarland Davis, Indian Games

241 Brébeuf: Ruben Gold Thwaites, ed., The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents: Travels and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France, 1610—1791, Volume X (Cleveland: Burrows: 1897), pp. 182-187

242 tongue split open: Richard Rainbolt and Ralph Turtinen, The Goldy Shuffle: The Bill Goldsworthy Story (Minneapolis: T.S. Denison, 1971), p. 200

242 his dad: Derek Sanderson (with Stan Fischler), I’ve Got To Be Me (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1970), p. 17

243 stitch insurance: Ira Gitler, Blood On The Ice: Hockey’s Most Violent Moments (Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1974), p. 75

243 Conacher career wounds: “One on One with Lionel Conacher,” http://www.hhof.com/htmlSpotlight/spot_oneononep199401.shtml, Hockey Hall of Fame, January 30, 2006

245 Dr. Murray: Carol Cooper, “Leafs Trusted Their Doctor,” Globe and Mail, May 3, 2003, p. F10

248 snarl: Eric Zweig, Hockey Night in the Dominion of Canada (Toronto: Lester, 1992), p. 23

248    Lalonde: Paul Quarrington, King Leary (Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 1987), p. 98

249 the happiness of his marriage: “Gentle Iceman At Work,” Sports Illustrated, October 17, 1960

249 hotel windows: “Whole Soviet Team Depressed, One Throws Skates Out Window,” Toronto Daily Star, March 7, 1955, p. 1

249 Bobby’s polite, friendly nature: Julian May, Bobby Orr, Star on Ice (Mankato: Crestwood, 1973)

250 stamp out this sort of thing: Randy Roberts and James S. Olson, Winning is the Only Thing: Sports in America Since 1945 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989), p. 66

252 died in infancy: Scott Young, “Fights on Ice,” Sports Illustrated, February 7, 1955

252 Sure, I bicycled: Marc T. McNeil, “Casual Close-ups,” Montreal Gazette, November 12, 1937, p. 12

253 rowdism: “Random Notes on Current Sports,” Toronto Daily Star, January 18, 1918, p. 20

253 1918 stick brawl: Jeff Chapman, Glenn Weir, and Travis Weir, Ultimate Hockey (Stoddart: Toronto, 1999), p. 81

254 Cusack: J. A. Mangan, ed., Reformers, Sport, Modernizers: Middle-class Revolutionaries (New York: Routledge, 2012), p. 58

254 Cusack decried: http://www.gaa.ie/about-the-gaa/gaa-history/history-timeline/

254 preamble: Michael Cusack, “A word about Irish athletics,” Irishman, October 11, 1884

255 billiard-room: Andy Mendlowitz, Ireland’s Professional Amateurs (Lincoln: iUniverse, 2007), p. 134

255    Archbishop of Cashel: http://multitext.ucc.ie/d/Archbishop_Croke__the_GAA_November_1884

256 baseball: http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/official_info/official_rules/foreword.jsp

256 basketball: http://www.nba.com/analysis/rules_index.html

257 football’s rules: http://www.nfl.com/rulebook

257 soccer’s laws: http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/footballdevelopment/technicalsupport/refereeing/laws-of-the-game

257 Spirit of Cricket: “What Is MCC Spirit of Cricket?” http://www.lords.org/mcc/mcc-spirit-of-cricket/what-is-mcc-spirit-of-cricket

258 Beers: J. Thomas West, “Beers, William George,” Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 12 (Toronto: University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003), http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/beers_william_george_12E.html

258 flaming lacrosse evangelist: Don Morrow, Mary Keyes, Wayne Simpson, Frank Cosentino, and Ron Lappage, A Concise History of Sport in Canada (Toronto, Oxford University Press, 1989), p. 12

258 dislikes all hypocrisy: William Beers, Lacrosse: Canada’s National Game (Montreal: Dawson Brothers, 1869), p. 43

258 on that tour: Henry James Morgan, ed., The Dominion Annual Register and Review (Toronto: Hunter, Rose,1884), p. 165

259 the roughness, perhaps: Frank Selke, Montreal Gazette, April 1, 1947

259 Clarence Campbell: “Ice Rules Different For Pros,” Ottawa Citizen, November 21, 1958, p. 3

260 Bobby Clarke’s Teeth: Dave Bidini, Tropic of Hockey (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2000), p. 99

260 old apples: Quinn McIlhone, Trade Rumours (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1985)

262 Al Jolson: Roy MacGregor, The Last Season, p. 68

266 Bullet Joe Simpson: “Bullet Joe,”New Yorker, January 6, 1934, pp. 17-18

267 Davidson: “Scotty Davidson’s Heroism One of the Bravest Acts of the War,” Calgary Daily Herald, December 9, 1915

275 Sipes: Richard G. Sipes, “War, Sports and Aggression: An Empirical Test of Two Rival Theories,” American Anthropologist, February 1973, pp. 64-86

276 Said Hec: Toronto Daily Star, February 22, 1945, p. 18

277 shoot: “Threatens to Shoot Howe, Lindsay,” Toronto Daily Star, March 24, 1956, p. 1

277 Jim Hunt: “Shoot Howe, Lindsay? Easy! Jim Carries Gun Into Gardens,” Toronto Daily Star, March 26, 1956, p. 1

277 Lindsay’s website: http://tedlindsay.com

277 sons of bitches: Paul Quarrington, King Leary, p. 228

277 preternaturally mean: Michael Farber, Sports Illustrated, June 20, 2001

278 never did anything to anybody: Ed Fitkin, On the Hockey Beat (Toronto: Castle, 1952), p. 143

278 the Lucic: http://www.habseyesontheprize.com/canadiens-playoffs-2014/2014/4/19/5630204/milan-lucic-spears-another-player-in-the-junk-bruins-media-loves-it

278 harpooning the whale: Steven Galloway, Finnie Walsh, p. 22

279    Kris King: Stan Fischler, Bad Boys, p. 80

280 Dual Personality: Richard F. Vaughan and Holcomb York, Hockey for Spectator, Coach and Player (New York: Whittlesey, 1939), pp. 355-356

281 Ratelle: Brad Park (with Stan Fischler), Play The Man (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1971), p. 155

281 Lemieux: Jaromir Jagr (with Jan Smid), Jagr: An Autobiography (Pittsburgh: 68 Productions, 1997)

281 Goodfellow: Stan Fischler, Those Were The Days, p. 167

282 Ferguson: John Ferguson (with Stan and Shirley Fischler), Thunder and Lightning, p. 126

282 Howe’s meanness: Gary Ronberg, The Ice Men, p. 165

282 Lindsay retired: “Ted Lindsay Announces Hockey Retirement,” Montreal Gazette, July 13, 1960, p. 24

282 Be mean! Be mean!: Dave Anderson, Sports Illustrated, January 18, 1965

282 Corbeau: Red Storey, Red’s Story (Toronto: Macmillan, 1994), p. 47

283 elected to the presidency: Frank Orr, “NHL To Stamp Out Goon Tactics,” Toronto Star, June 8, 1976, p. C1

283 wanted to parley: Ibid.

283 reminded him of Béliveau: Bernie Parent (with Bill Fleischman and Sonny Schwartz), Bernie! Bernie! Bernie! (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1975), p. 196

283    cute dirty: Gary Ronberg, The Violent Game (New York, Rutledge, 1975), p. 158

284 Chippy!: Lewis J. Poteet and Aaron C. Poteet, Hockey Talk (Montreal: R. Davies, 1996), p. 82

285 a rap on the ankle: Rick Matsumoto, “Tough guy loses his final battle,” Toronto Star, July 15, 2007

285 Henderson: Dan Proudfoot, “Team Canada is Confident It Can Win Series,” Globe and Mail, September 25, 1972, p. 1

285 nasty and premeditated slash: David Staples, “Bobby Clarke Was The Villain of 1972, But Was He Also Team Canada’s MVP?” Edmonton Journal, Cult of Hockey blog, October 5, 2012, http://blogs.edmontonjournal.com/2012/10/05/bobby-clarke-was-the-villain-of-1972-but-was-he-also-team-canadas-mvp

285 aggressive chop: Hockey Hall of Fame, http://www.hhof.com/htmlinduct/ind05Kharlamov.shtml

285    did later confess: Hockey Hall of Fame, http://www.hhof.com/htmlSpotlight/spot_pinnaclep200501.shtml

285 if I had to: Kevin Allen, “Appreciation: Kind Heart Beneath Ferguson’s Tough-Guy Image,” USA Today, July 16, 2007

285 Clarke in 1981: Lawrence Martin, ‪The Red Machine, p. 127

285 ultimate compliment: “Slash on Kharlamov Recalled,” Montreal Gazette, September 8, 2005

285 thought it was fine: “Clarke’s Slash on Kharlamov Still Stings,” Globe and Mail, September 8, 2005, p. S11

285 didn’t win because of the slash: Steve Simmons, “Nobody Will Let Clarke Forget Slash,” Toronto Sun, November 8, 2005

285 Flin Flon: Jakki Clarke, Flyer Lives: Philadelphia Hockey Greats Share Their Personal Stories (Chicago: Triumph, 2012), p. 23

285 Jody Clarke: Twitter, @jodyclarke, 10:43 a.m., February 19, 2014

285 nothing to do with hockey: Hockey Hall of Fame, http://www.hhof.com/htmlSpotlight/spot_pinnaclep200501.shtml

286 Ferguson advised Mahovlich: Stan Fischler, Hockey Stars of 1973 (New York: Pyramid Books, 1972), p. 57

286 especially George Armstrong: Denis Potvin (with Stan Fischler), Power On Ice (New York: Harper & Row, 1977), p. 13

286 Tarasov: Tom Caraccioli and Jerry Caraccioli, Striking Silver: The Untold Story of America’s Forgotten Hockey Team (Champaign: Sports Publishing, 2006), p. 43

287  everything: John Gault, The Fans Go Wild, p. 105

287 three fights: Pat Leonard, “NY Rangers, NJ Devils Fight Three Seconds After Puck Drops, Blood Scraped From Ice Before Blueshirts Win Game,” New York Daily News, March 19, 2012

287 sell hate: Damien Cox, “NHL Pretends To Hate Fighting,” Toronto Star, December 20, 2007, p. S8

287 Blatchford: Christie Blatchford, Globe and Mail, October 27, 1975, p. S1

[Third]

291 after he died: Roger Kahn, “The Life and Death of Howie Morenz,” Sport, February, 1956, p.52

293 was eight in 1878: Viscountess Byng of Vimy, Up The Stream of Time (Toronto: Macmillan, 1945), pp. 9-14

293 Old Bungo: Ibid., p. 44

293 harsh bondage: Ibid., p. 139

294 first game: “Vice-Regal Party Pleased With Their First Hockey,” Globe, December 24, 1921, p. 8

295 rubbish: Viscountess Byng of Vimy, Up The Stream of Time, pp. 140-41

295 Senators’ reminder: http://www.canadiantirecentre.com/guest-services/a-z-guide

295 unseen objects: Andy Bathgate and Bob Wolff, Andy Bathgate’s Hockey Secrets (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1963), p. 137

295 ice-cream cup: Rod Gilbert (with Stan Fischler and Hal Bock), Goal! My Life on Ice (New York: Hawthorn, 1968), p. 37

295    McMaster: Jack Gatecliff, “Ice Littering Can Be Murder,” Hockey Canada, March, 1963, pp. 2-4

296 creative flair: Richard Rainbolt and Ralph Turtinen, The Goldy Shuffle: The Bill Goldsworthy Story (Minneapolis: T.S. Denison, 1971)

296 plutocrat in the gallery: Toronto Daily Star, February 4, 1918

296 spontaneous review: Dink Carroll, “Playing The Field,” Montreal Gazette, April 8, 1944, p. 16

296 Mrs. Heaton’s Daughter: Beatrice Sherman, “Mother, Daughter and Broadway Blight,” New York Times, December 5, 1943

296 billiard ball: Brad Park (with Stan Fischler), Play The Man (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1971), p. 70

297 Christmas Day: Charles L. Coleman, The Trail of the Stanley Cup, Volume 1 (Sherbrooke: NHL, 1969), p. 474

297 mask into the crowd: Brad Park (with Stan Fischler), Play The Man, p. 188

297 a riotous mood: Globe, March 22, 1962

297 the guy charged with cleaning up: Scott Young, The Leafs I Knew (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1966), pp. 16-17

297 Gump was badly shaken: John Ferguson (with Stan and Shirley Fischler), Thunder and Lightning (Scarborough: Prentice-Hall, 1989), p. 89

298 dinner knife: Ibid., p. 99

298 Bruneteau: Charles L. Coleman, The Trail of the Stanley Cup, p. 136

298 dead squirrels: Bobby Hull, Hockey Is My Game (Don Mills: Longmans, 1968), p. 178

298 an outdoorsman: Richard Rainbolt and Ralph Turtinen, The Goldy Shuffle

298 An octopus: Dick Beddoes, “Return of the Octopus, Globe and Mail, April 2, 1963, p. 28

299 Plimpton notes: George Plimpton, Open Net, p. 114

299 45-rpm: Rod Gilbert (with Stan Fischler and Hal Bock), Goal! My Life on Ice

300 adding machine paper: Charles L. Coleman, The Trail of the Stanley Cup, Volume II (Montreal: National Hockey League, 1966), p. 456

300 A grapefruit: Frank Teskey, “Star Man Right in Middle of Rioting Canadien Fans, Tear Gas, Fruit, Hit Him,” Toronto Daily Star, March 18, 1955, p. 1

300 My Heart Cries for You: D’Arcy Jenish, The Montreal Canadiens: 100 Years of Glory (Toronto: Random House, 2009), p. 147

300 the riot: Norman Carlisle, “Montreal’s Great Hockey Riot, Argosy, January, 1964, p. 52

301 Phyllis King: Stan Fischer and Shirley Fischler, Who’s Who in Hockey (Toronto: Andrews McMeel, 2003), p. 58

301 appalled General Currie: “Free-For-All Fight Terminates Season,” Globe, March 8, 1923, p. 8

302 got himself a megaphone: “Ottawas Weathered Storm of Bottles from Rabid Montreal Crowd,” Ottawa Journal, March 8, 1923, p. 13

302 she wrote a letter: “Cup For Clean Hockey Coming,” Winnipeg Tribune, March 9, 1925, p. 11

302 Nighbor to Rideau Hall: Ben Ward, “Byng Trophy Personal Tribute to Senator Star Frank Nighbor,” Ottawa Journal, February 19, 1963, p. 11

303 mice chewed: “Fire Destroys Frank Boucher’s Hockey Trophies,” Montreal Gazette, February 23, 1965

303 Billy Burch: “Tex Rickard Chooses Useful Canadian Who Used to Carry His Skates to Bed,” Morning Leader, October 31, 1925, p. 35

303 Quitting hockey: Jonathan Fear, “Hull Quits Hockey Indefinitely To Protest Against The Game’s Violence,” Globe and Mail, October 25, 1975, p. 1

303 Pilous: Ibid., p. 1

303 events in a game: Ibid.,

304 Hull’s Goon Hockey Boycott: “Mystery Surrounds Hull’s Goon Hockey Boycott,” Ottawa Citizen, October 24, 1975, p. 29

304 Hull said: Dave Anderson, “Why Bobby Hull Made Hockey Blush,” New York Times, October 30, 1975, p. 53

304  Blatchford: Christie Blatchford, Globe and Mail, October 27, 1975, p. S1

304 Cincinnati coach + Jim Dorey: “Violence Cited As Bobby Hull Misses Game,” Toronto Star, October 5, 1975, p. 1

304 Hatskin: Jonathan Fear, “Hull Quits Hockey Indefinitely To Protest Against The Game’s Violence,” Globe and Mail, October 25, 1975, p. 1

305 ugly time for hockey: James Duplacey, ‪The Official Rules of Hockey: ‪An Anecdotal Look at the Rules of Hockey-And How They Came to Be (Guilford: Globe Pequot, 2000), p. 100

305    in Ottawa: Bob Graham, “Hockey Violence TV’s Worst: MP,” Toronto Star, October 5, 1975, p. 1

305 Hull returned: “Hull returns from violence protest, helps Jets to 5-0 win over Phoenix,” Globe and Mail, October 27, 1975, p. S2

306 hell of a job: Robert Lipsyte, “The Hockey Official: ‘A Man With Iron in His Soul,’” New York Times, December 27, 1964

306 Fleming, Saskatchewan: ‪Brian Mlazgar and Holden Stoffel, Saskatchewan Sports: Lives Past and Present (‪Regina: University of Regina Press, 2007), p. 19

306 Allandale: Red Storey, Red’s Story (Toronto: Macmillan, 1994), p. 22

306 Mantha: “Former Players May Referee in NHL,” Ottawa Citizen, October 14, 1937

306 King Clancy and Mickey Ion: “Philosophy of Ion Sustains Clancy,” Toronto Daily Star, November 30, 1944

307 Mehlenbacher: “‘Worst Call In My 20 Years in Hockey,’ Patrick Charges,” Milwaukee Journal, December 22, 1955, p. 2

307 fat pig: Red Fisher, “Ugly Playoffs Unfair To Game,” Montreal Gazette, May 28, 1988, p. C1

307 weaponized: “Lou Marsh in Role of Armed Referee,” Montreal Gazette, December 14, 1925

308 a Quebec judge: “Judge Rules Assault on Referee Is Worse Than on Plain Citizen; Fines Hockey Star,” New York Times, January 31, 1928

309 Billy’s penis: Scott Young (with George Robertson), Face-Off (Toronto: Macmillan, 1971), p. 2

310 Sprague Lowther: Ibid., p. 55

311 “The Hottest Rookie:” Ibid., p. 157

311 punches out the referee: Ibid., p. 202

312 1363: Nevill Miroy, The History of Hockey (Staines: Lifeline, 1986), p. 30

312 Maine’s colleges: Lewiston Saturday Journal, November 28, 1906, p. 4

312 ban bullfighting: Joe O’Connor, “No bull (fighting),” National Post, July 30, 2010

312 Chávez: Simon Romero, “Chávez Loyalists Push to Close Golf Courses,” New York Times, August 12, 2009

313 Selanne: Adam Brady, “Teemu Selanne, Sportsman,” http://ducks.nhl.com/club/blogpostprint.htm?id=14912

313    22–1: “Russia’s national team wins Bandy World Championship,” Voice of Russia, February 2, 2014

313 lacrosse on ice: “Something New On Ice,” Montreal Daily Witness, March 27, 1877

313 slippery tennis: “Tennis On Ice A Success,” New York Times, December 20, 1916

314 1920 in Cleveland: “Baseball and Boxing on Ice Is Latest Fad in Cleveland,” New York Times, February 8, 1920

314 bicycle skates: Toronto Daily Mail, December 29, 1892

314 vice-regal train: “500th Goal Brings Invitation, Congratulations From Governor-General,” Toronto Daily Star, November 9, 1957, p. 1

315 cheating larceny, fighting and downright sadism: “Condemns All Sports: They Breed Cheaters, Doubts Their Value,” Toronto Daily Star, November 9, 1957, p. 1

316 beefs with boys’ clubs: Ibid.

317 Vipond: Jim Vipond, “Sport’s Digest,” Globe and Mail, November 11, 1957

317 editorial page: “‘Off With His Head!’” Globe and Mail, November 11, 1957, p. 6

319 destroying hockey: “Hockey in Danger,” Ottawa Citizen, April 4, 1949

319 gave up reading: ‪Andrew Podnieks, Sheila Wawanash, Dmitri Ryzkov, and Pavel Barta, eds., Kings of the Ice: ‪A History of World Hockey (Richmond Hill: NDE, 2002), p. 121

320 hate every minute I play: Barbara Gunn and Gary Mason, Guardians: The Secret Life of Goalies (Toronto: Andrews McMeel, 1999)

320 knitting toques: Raymond Plante (translated by Darcy Dunton), Jacques Plante: Behind The Mask (Lantzville: XYZ, 1996), p. 37

320 talking to his goalposts: Robin Finn, “NHL Playoffs: Roy’s Composure Pierced,” New York Times, May 18, 1986

321 Parent’s brothers: Bernie Parent (with Bill Fleischman and Sonny Schwartz), Bernie! Bernie! Bernie! (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1975), p. 35

320 crazy: Stan Fischler, Hockey Stars of 1973 (New York: Pyramid Books, 1972), p. 90

321 young Gordie: Stan Fischler, Gordie Howe (New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1967), p. 35

321 Cournoyer: Gordie Howe and Colleen Howe (with Charles Wilkins), ‪When the Final Buzzer Sounds: ‪NHL Greats Share Their Stories of Hardship and Triumph (Chicago: Triumph, 2000), p. 13

321 Resch: ‪Glenn Liebman, Hockey Shorts (Toronto: McGraw Hill, 1996), p. 212

321 Gratton: Bruce Dowbiggin, ‪Of Ice and Men: ‪Steve Yzerman, Chris Chelios, Glen Sather, Dominik Hasek: The Craft of Hockey (Toronto: Macfarlane Walter and Ross, 1998), p. 244

321 asthma: Raymond Plante, Jacques Plante, p. 64

321 Galloway: Steven Galloway, Finnie Walsh, p. 7

322 my Dave Dryden drawing: https://puckstruck.com/notes/p-322-dave-dryden/

322 lonely occupation: Grant Fuhr and Bob Mummery, Fuhr On Goaltending (Winlaw: Polestar, 1988), p. 11

323 Chadwick: ‪Irving T. Marsh and Edward Ehre, eds., Best Sports Stories (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1960), p. 229

323 Desjardins: Bill Libby, Rookie Goalie Gerry Desjardins (New York: Julian Messner, 1970), p. 139

323 hope I don’t hurt a goalie: Chandler W. Sterling, The Icehouse Gang: My Year With The Black Hawks, p. 140

323 scoring seventy-five goals: Ken Dryden (with Mark Mulvoy), Face-Off At The Summit (Toronto: Little, Brown, 1973), p. 84

324 Froese: Darryl Sittler and Chris Goyens (with Allan Turowetz), Sittler (Toronto: Macmillan, 1991), p. 224

324 three coffees: Mark Anthony Jarman, Salvage King, Ya! (Vancouver, Anvil Press, 1997), p. 121

324 puke: Stan Fischler, Detroit Red Wings: Greatest Moments and Players (Chicago: Sports Publishing, 2002), p. 83

324 Worsley’s recipe: Martin Abramson, “It’s Hell To Be a Goalie,” Salt Lake Tribune, January 25, 1959, p. 171

325 Plante cautioned wariness: ‪Jacques Plante, Step By Step Goaltending (Plattsburgh: Studio 9, 1997), p. 8

325 nobody liked Plante: Stan Fischler, Those Were The Days: The Lore of Hockey (New York: Dodd and Mead, 1976), p. 314

325 Esposito turned his lip: CBC, The Hour with George Stroumboulopoulos, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a8sWYJwAOt8

325 Konovalenko: Vladislav Tretiak (translated by Sam and Maria Budman), Tretiak: The Legend (Edmonton: Plains, 1987), p. 17

325 permanent sublux: Jay Greenberg, Full Spectrum (Toronto: Dan Diamond, 1996), p. 137

326 severely ulcerated: Stan and Shirley Fischler, 20th Century Hockey Chronicle (Lincolnwood: Publications International, 1999), p. 160

 326 Durnan: Gary Ronberg, The Ice Men (New York: Crown, 1973), p. 136

326 McNeil: Pat Curran, “Habs Goalie Gerry McNeil Decides to Retire From Hockey,” Montreal Gazette, September 27, 1954, p. 27

326 Cude: ‪Jacques Plante, Step By Step Goaltending, p. 8

326 face of a pharaoh: Milton Acorn, “Dryden in the Net,” in Acorn Milton, The Uncollected Acorn (Toronto: Deneau, 1987), p. 52

327 Kurt Kauper: http://www.kurtkauper.com/works/hockeyplayers/bobby2.html

327 fifteen saves he can recall: Ken Dryden, The Game (Toronto: Macmillan, 1983), p. 221

327 thieving giraffe: George Plimpton, Open Net, p. 107

328 looks like God: Pete McCormack, Understanding Ken (Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1998), p. 11

328 Cincinnatus: Herbert Warren Wind, “Les Canadiens Sont Là,” New Yorker, March 19, 1979, p. 110

328 Domingos: Bruce Kidd and Leoung O’Young, Hockey Showdown (Toronto: James Lorimer, 1979), pp. 1-30

329 small cussage: Jack Ludwig, “Ken Dryden,” in Jack Ludwig, ‪Games of Fear and Winning: ‪Sports with an Inside View (Toronto: Doubleday, 1976), p. 122

330 Bolshoi Theatre: Ted Blackman, “The Big M’s in The Biggest Game,” Montreal Gazette, Septemeber 28, 1972, p. 13

330 lack of ambition: Murray Dryden (with Jim Hunt), Playing The Shots At Both Ends (Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1972), p. 52

330 refused to go to Peterborough: Murray Dryden (with Jim Hunt), Playing The Shots At Both Ends, p. 53

330 Royal Canadians: Ibid., p. 60

330 signs: Ibid.

331 smug proprietary attitude towards ice hockey: Ibid., p. 74

331 a Naderesque earnestness: Christopher Lydon, “Ken Dryden: ‘You Don’t Have a Nader in Any Sport,’” New York Times, p. S3

332 Cherry: Don Cherry (with Stan Fischler), Grapes: A Vintage View of Hockey (Toronto: Prentice-Hall, 1982), p. 9

332 Hull: Dennis Hull (with Robert Thompson), The Third Best Hull (Toronto: ECW, 1998), p. 114

332 Ridiculous Frugality: John Ferguson (with Stan and Shirley Fischler), Thunder and Lightning, p. 14

333 he’ll build you a watch: “Ex-Bully takes swing at Dryden,” Edmonton Journal, October 18, 2006

334 Hawthorne: “Random Notes on Current Sports,” Toronto Daily Star, January 14, 1921, p. 22

334    stickfight: Red Storey, Red’s Story, p. 65

335 In 1937: John Kieran, “The Hardheads of Hockey,” New York Times, January 14, 1936, p. 28

335 Crawford: Dink Carroll, “Helmets for Hockey Players,” Montreal Gazette, November 29, 1947, p. 8

335 “too undignified:” Bruce Kidd and John Macfarlane, The Death of Hockey (Toronto: New Press, 1972), p. 67

336 stole players’ individuality: Frank Fitzpatrick, “Hazardous Despite A Player’s Death, Helmets Were Long Ignored,” Philadelphia Inquirer, January 13, 1988

336 Kennedy, Howe: Michael McKinley, Hockey: A People’s History (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 200), p. 143

336 Bailey: Milt Dunnell, “Ace Bailey Says Helmets Not Needed,” Toronto Daily Star, March 30, 1950, p. 22

336 Park: Brad Park (with Stan Fischler), Play The Man, p. 121

337 Mr. Armstrong: Paul Patton, “Where Are They Now?” Globe and Mail, June 15, 1984, p. M10

337 Balon: Gerald Eskenazi, A Year On Ice (New York: Coward-McCann, 1970), p. 89

337  one January night: “First Fatality,” Time, January 26, 1968

337 dead at 1:55: “North Stars’ Masterson Dies Monday,” Gettysburg Times, January 16, 1968, p. 4

337 Blair: Gerald Eskenazi, “Hockey Pros Turn Deaf Ear to Helmets,” New York Times, November 2, 1969

337 led the protection lobby: “Bruins Formally Request Rule for Wearing Helmets,” New York Times, December 15, 1969

337 Maki chopped: Ted Green (with Al Hirshberg), High Stick (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1971)p. 30

337 Horton: “Rules Group Rejects Mandatory Helmets,” Globe and Mail, December 31, 1969

337 sissy connotation: Brad Park (with Stan Fischler), Play The Man, p. 121

337 ultimate suck symbol: Roy MacGregor, The Last Season (Toronto: Penguin, 1995), p. 97

338 Esposito threw his: Phil Esposito (with Peter Golenbock), Thunder and Lightning: A No-B.S. Hockey Memoir (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2003), p. 182

338 visors: Michael Russo, “More and More, The Eyes Have It,” Allegheny Times, December 12, 2007, p. D3

338 never again cover his head: Todd Denault, ‪The Greatest Game: ‪The Montreal Canadiens, the Red Army, and the Night That Saved Hockey (Toronto: Random House, 2011), p. 158

338 change of heart: Gilbert Rogin, “One Beer for The Rocket,” Sports Illustrated, March 21, 1960

338 by 1979: Donald Ramsey, “NHL Makes Helmets Mandatory for Rookies This Year,” Globe and Mail, August 7, 1979, p. 31

339 bare heads: Jim Proudfoot, “Why Brad Marsh Decided to Discard His Helmet,” Toronto Star, November 3, 1988

339 Irvin the Elder: Lloyd Percival (Revised by Wayne Major, Larry Sadler, and Robert Thom), The Hockey Handbook (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1997), p. xi

339 Sports College: Gary Mossman, Lloyd Percival: Coach and Visionary (Woodstock: Seraphim, 2013), pp. 33-45

339 gave him a medal: Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame, http://www.sportshall.ca/stories.html?proID=386&catID=all

340 Howe better than Richard: Lloyd Percival (Revised by Wayne Major, Larry Sadler, and Robert Thom), The Hockey Handbook (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1997), p. xiv

340 twenty-five per cent mental: Lloyd Percival, The Hockey Handbook (New York: A.S. Barnes, 1961), p. 9

340 Scooting the Goal, Angle Scooting: Ibid., pp. 27-28

341    mantra: Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame, http://www.sportshall.ca/stories.html?proID=386&catID=all

341 Sinden too busy: Wessely Hicks, “What The Russians Know About Hockey Could Fill A Book,” Canadian Magazine, December 9, 1972, p. 20

341 In 1968: “Lloyd Percival Bows Out — No Honor At Home,” Montreal Gazette, April 17, 1968, p. 44

342 Red Wings: Wessely Hicks, “What The Russians Know About Hockey Could Fill A Book, Canadian Magazine, December 9, 1972, p. 20

343 one of the greatest: Dave Bidini, “Canada’s Golden Goal: Olympic Win a Historic Day for Women’s Hockey,” National Post, February 21, 2014

343 circus of blood: Schenectady Gazette, March 22, 1989

344 Tortorella: “Rangers’ Tortorella fined $20,000 for comments,” NHL.com, April 6, 2012, http://www.nhl.com/ice/news.htm?id=626336

345 Yzerman: James Mirtle, “Steve Yzerman Calls for a Ban on Fighting,” Globe and Mail, October 2, 2013

345 the best safety valve: Dennis Passa, “Campbell Calls Fighting a Safety Valve,” Windsor Star, June 4, 1974, p. 20

346 Eagleson: Paul Henderson (with Jim Prime), How Hockey Explains Canada (Chicago: Triumph, 2011), p. 106

346 all-star team of dead hockey players: Frank Cosentino, Hockey Gods at the Summit (Renfrew: General Store, 2011), throughout

347 Metz and Lach: Stan Fischler, Those Were The Days, p. 313

347 sin bin: Mordecai Richler, “London Then and Now,” in Mordecai Richler, Belling the Cat: Essays, Reports & Opinions (Toronto: Random House, 2010), p. 188

347 Zamboni interpretations: Matt Robinson, Tracery & Interplay (Victoria: Frog Hollow, 2004)

347 talk to delinquents: Cleo Birdwell, Amazons (New York: Holt, Reinhart and Winston, 1980), p. 42

347 a rabbit’s foot: Roy MacGregor, The Last Season, p. 262

347 no believe God: Fred Stenson, Teeth (Regina: Coteau, 1994), p. 140

348 serious minded: Bernard Palmer, Danny Orlis Plays Hockey (Chicago: Moody Press, 1957)

348 some Messiah: Rob Ritchie, Orphans of Winter (Hamilton: Seraphim, 2006), p. 112

349 sinful reasoning: Keith Magnuson (with Robert Bradford), None Against! (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1973), p. 54

349 Edur: Joe Starkey, Tales from the Pittsburgh Penguins (New York: Sports Publishing, 2006), p. 40

349 Irish kid: Charlie Angus, Les Costello: Canada’s Flying Father (Toronto: Novalis, 2005), p. 14

349 useless: Michael A. Smith, Life After Hockey: When The Lights Are Dimmed (St. Paul: Codner, 1987), p. 184

349 his eyes opened: Charlie Angus, Les Costello, p. 51

350  hockey-playing priests: Ibid., p. 71

350 Disney: Ibid., p. 85

350 Bauer: Michael McKinley, Hockey: A People’s History, p. 181

351 Canadian lads: Foster Hewitt, Hello, Canada and Hockey Fans in the United States (Toronto: Thomas Allen, 1950)

351 Young’s 1982 novel: Scott Young, That Old Gang of Mine (Markham: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 1982)

351 Make use of technique, but let the spirit prevail: David Bauer, “Olympic Hockey,” http://www.notredame.ca/spiritual/reflText.php?refID=47

352 Öberg: “Canada’s Hockey Priest Turns Other Cheek to Swede,” Sun, January 31, 1964

352 a special medal: “Coach Gets Medal For Self-Control,” Lodi News-Sentinel, February 8, 1964, p. 10

353 a sort-of-hockey book: Adam Gopnik, Winter: Five Windows on the Season (Toronto: House of Anansi, 2011)

354 Wilson collapsed: “Quebec Lost two Men and Peppery game to Ontarios,” Toronto Daily Star, January 11, 1915, p. 10

355 February 17: “Dollar and Costs or Fifteen Days for Fighting,” Toronto Daily Star, February 15, 1915

357    Udvari: “Punch Can’t Complain But Rudy Sounds Off,” Ottawa Citizen, April 13, 1962, p. 39

362    Maggs: interview with the author, Toronto, April 15, 2008

362 Bidini: interview with the author, Toronto, October 16, 2013

362 McMurtry: interview with the author, Toronto, December 3, 2013

363 Bill McMurtry died: Michele Henry, “A tireless crusader for social justice,” Toronto Star, February 20, 2007

366 Escape valve: Frank Orr, “Fighting is Best Safety Valve: Campbell,” Toronto Star, June 4, 1974

366-75 McMurtry’s inquiry: Archives of Ontario, “Records of the Investigation and Inquiry into Violence in Amateur Hockey,” Ontario Government Record Series RG 18-169, 1974

378 puck skills and derring-do: Sean Gordon, “Alex Galchenyuk blooms into break-out star of NHL playoffs,” Globe and Mail, May 28, 2014

378 Sundin, Gainey: Charlie Gillis, “Gainey Chats Up Sundin,” Maclean’s, September 8, 2008

378 Nieuwendyk, Yzerman: The Canadian Press, “Yzerman: Put Off Retirement If Any Doubts,” TSN.ca, August 1, 2008 http://www.nhl.com/ice/news.htm?id=380228

p. 378    Olmstead: Scott Young, The Leafs I Knew, p. 181

378 Because I’m a hockey player: Herbert Warren Wind, “Something Old, New, Borrowed, Blue,” New Yorker, March 15, 1969

380 Vogue models: Mark Anthony Jarman, Salvage King, Ya!, p. 18

380 TIRED: Ibid., p. 145

380 body feels: Ibid., p. 125

380 Teeder Kennedy: Teeder Kennedy (as told to Ed Fitkin), “Why I’m Through As A Pro,” Hockey Pictorial, October, 1955, pp. 5-6

380 Schriner: “Scoops Us!” Toronto Daily Star, April 27, 1942

380 Bossy: Mike Bossy (with Barry Meisel), Boss: The Mike Bossy Story (Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1988), p. 2

381 better off retiring: Chris Goyens and Orr, Frank (with Jean-Luc Duguay), Maurice Richard: Reluctant Hero (Markham: Team Power, 2000)

382 Modano: https://www.facebook.com/9modano/timeline

382 Clapper’s garters: Harold Kaese, “Cowley Wears Clapper’s Elastic Garters Tonight,” Daily Boston Globe, April 9, 1946, p. 15

382 Imlach: Gary Ronberg, The Ice Men, p. 95

382 days as a topflighter: Andy Bathgate and Bob Wolff, Bob, Andy Bathgate’s Hockey Secrets, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1963), p. 21

382 forty-three: Colleen Howe, My Three Hockey Players (New York: Hawthorn, 1975), p. 5

382 Syl Apps: Murray Dryden (with Jim Hunt), Playing The Shots At Both Ends, p. 134

383 Wharram: “Hawks new blood against Habs, Voyageurs play tomorrow,” Montreal Gazette, September 27, 1969, p. 29

383 Orr said: Earl McRae, “Lament for a Wounded Hero,” in Earl McRae, Requiem for Reggie, and Other Great Sports Stories (Toronto: Chimo, 1977), p. 95

383 some ghastly thing: Ibid., p. 100

383 car accident: Roy MacGregor, The Last Season, p. 275

384 Bonaduce: Bill Gaston, The Good Body (Toronto: House of Anansi, 2010), p. 57

385 end boards: Al Purdy, “Hockey Players,” Thru The Smoky End Boards: Canadian Poetry About Sports and Games (Vancouver: Polestar, 1996), p. 57

385 Linden: Gary Mason, “Linden will achieve more goals with his winning personality,” Globe and Mail, June 12, 2008

385 Primeau: Ed Fitkin, The Gashouse Gang of Hockey (Toronto: Castle, 1951)

386 knitwear company: John Ferguson (with Stan and Shirley Fischler), Thunder and Lightning, p. 200

386 Lafleur: John Kekis, “Lafleur’s Forum Return Has Montreal Fans Agog,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 3, 1989

386 wondering and wavering: Mark Anthony Jarman, Salvage King, Ya!, p. 235

387 imagine dying: Pete McCormack, Understanding Ken

387 Harvey: “Doug Harvey, 65; Hockey Defenseman in the Hall of Fame,” New York Times, December 27, 1989

388 Spanish flu: “Hamby Shore,” Toronto Daily Star, October 16, 1918, p. 18

388 near Gravenhurst: “Ex-Leaf Goalkeeper Dies in Head-on Highway Crash,” Toronto Daily Star, October 10, 1950, p. 1

388 red Porsche 930 Turbo: Bill Meltzer and Thomas Tynander, Pelle Lindbergh: Behind The White Mask (Moorestown: Middle Atlantic, 2009), p. 5

388 Wasaga Beach: “‘Old Poison’ Nels Stewart, 324-Marksman, Dies,” Globe, August 22, 1957, p. 25

388 Bay of Quinte: Michael McKinley, Putting A Roof on Winter (Vancouver: Greystone, 2000), p. 68

388 congestive heart failure: “Former NHL Defenseman Zeidel Dies at Age 86,” NHL.com, June 17, 2014, http://www.nhl.com/ice/news.htm?id=722932

388 liver cancer: Rosie DiManno, “Mad Durbano Long A Dead Loss,” Toronto Star, November 20, 2002, p. E3

388 leukemia: “Hockey Player–Coach Ashbee Dies of Leukemia,” Daytona Beach Morning Journal, May 13, 1977, p. 10B

388   brothers Richard: Johnny Bucyk (with Russ Conway), Hockey In My Blood (Toronto: Pagurian, 1972), p. 117

388 Notre Dame Basilica: “Maurice Richard’s Funeral Brings Canada to a Standstill,” New York Times, June 1, 2000

388 Sawchuk: David Dupuis, Sawchuk: The Troubles and Triumphs of the World’s Greatest Goalie (Toronto: Stoddart, 1998), p. 253

388 Ukey: Brad Park (with Stan Fischler), Play The Man

390 Don’t blame Seibert: ‪Roger Kahn, Games We Used to Play: ‪A Lover’s Quarrel with the World of Sports (New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1992), p. 44

390 a letter home: “1937 Howie Morenz Handwritten Letter from his Deathbed,” http://tinyurl.com/nsnpu6b

391 His cast: D’Arcy Jenish, The Montreal Canadiens, p. 88

391 guard at the door: Toronto Daily Star, March 9, 1937

391 a pipe in his mouth: Dean Robinson, Howie Morenz: Hockey’s First Superstar (Erin: The Boston Mills Press, 1982), p. 107

391 a tired child: Toronto Daily Star, March 9, 1937

392 sigh: Ibid.

392 appallingly rapid: Andy Lytle, Toronto Daily Star, March 12, 1937

392 death certificate: Trent Frayne, “How They Broke the Heart of Howie Morenz,” in Trent Frayne, It’s Easy, All You Have To Do Is Win (Don Mills: Longmans, 1968), p. 21

392 Dr. Forgues: Vern Degeer, “Sport Gossip,” Windsor Daily Star, March 26, 1937

393 death skates: “Howie Morenz Last Game Worn Skates — the Skates that Killed Howie Morenz,” Classic Auctions, http://tinyurl.com/7c52w4m

393 sishy: Randall Maggs, Night Work: The Sawchuk Poems (London: Brick Books, 2008)

393 could, and might: Sal Maiorana, 100 Things Sabres Fans Should Know & Do Before They Die (Chicago: Triumph, 2012)

394 Robinson: Larry Robinson (with Kevin Shea), The Great Defender: My Unexpected Hockey Odyssey (Toronto: Fenn/McClelland & Stewart, 2014)

394 you’re allowed to decline: Ross Bernstein, The Code: The Unwritten Rules of Fighting and Retaliation in the NHL (Chicago: Triumph, 2006), p. 65

395 Steve Moore lawsuit: “Moore v. Bertuzzi, 2012 ONSC 5399,” http://caselaw.canada.globe24h.com/0/0/ontario/superior-court-of-justice/2012/09/25/moore-v-bertuzzi-2012-onsc-5399.shtml

395    Gzowski’s: “The Canadiens — letter and notes re: Gzowski’s proposed book on the Montreal Canadiens entitled ‘Class’ (no date),” https://www.trentu.ca/admin/library/archives/92-015.htm; see also https://puckstruck.com/2015/02/18/i-seem-to-be-able-to-get-along-with-hockey-players-the-book-peter-gzowski-never-wrote/

395 On Frozen Pond: Gordie and Colleen Howe (with Tom Delisle), and … Howe! (Traverse City: Power Play, 1995), p. 426

396 The Year That Winter Died: Maclean’s, March 26, 2012, cover

397 drive beer trucks: Andy Lytle, “Frankly Speaking on Sports,” Toronto Daily Star, April 14, 1938, p. 8

397 Bee-Hive Corn Syrup: http://www.beehivehockey.com/history_13playerads.htm

397 direct funerals: Jeff Z. Klein, “Alf Pike, Member of Rangers’ 1940 Stanley Cup Team, Dies at 91,” New York Times, March 11, 2009, p. A29

397 10 million bees: “Bouchard Has Bees in Bonnet but Not Headed for Nuthouse,” Toronto Daily Star, November 29, 1941, p. 17

397 cut toe rubbers: Frank J. Selke (with Gordon Green), Behind The Cheering (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1962)

397 wealth management: Chris Reidy, “Baystate Wealth Management and Bruins Legend Derek Sanderson Launch the Sports Group for Pro Athletes” Boston Globe, December 6, 2012

397 billiard academy: Marc T. McNeil, “Casual Close-Ups,” Montreal Gazette, April 23, 1940, p. 14

397 golf: Marvin Pave, “Bill Ezinicki, 88: Ex-Bruin Preferred Putting Greens,” Boston Globe, October 17, 2012

397 band chief: Brian McFalone, Over The Glass & Into The Crowd: Life After Hockey ( Guelph: Mainstreet, 1997), p. 236

397 Primorsky Krai: “KHL Set to Expand into Vladivostok,” Ria Novosti, April 11, 2013

397 the war in Afghanistan: Bob Duff, “Ed Staniowski Sees Military Parallels of Memorial Cup,” Windsor Star, May 27, 2011

398 chamiare: David Calderwood, The History of the Kirk of Scotland (Edinburgh: Woodrow Society, 1845), p. 688

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